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depression

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A.B. Facey

A.B. Facey  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1894–1982),born in Maidstone, Victoria, grew up on the Coolgardie goldfields and in outback WA. His autobiography, A Fortunate Life (1981), which won the NSW Premier's Award for non-fiction for ...
accommodatory monetary policy

accommodatory monetary policy  

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A policy of allowing the supply of money to expand in line with the demand for it. If the demand for money rises because of sustainable real growth in the economy, accommodatory monetary policy is ...
affluent society

affluent society  

A society in which material wealth is widely distributed; often with allusion to the book of that title (1958) by the American economist John Kenneth Galbraith.
Alan Marshall

Alan Marshall  

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Subject:
Literature
(1902–84),was born Noorat in western Victoria. At the age of 6 he contracted infantile paralysis, which left his legs permanently crippled. After his family moved to Melbourne when he ...
American Bankers' Association

American Bankers' Association  

(ABA).Organized at a meeting of bankers in Saratoga Springs, New York, in 1875, the American Bankers' Association is one of the oldest national trade associations, engaged in lobbying, public ...
Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson  

(1767–1845)US general and Democratic statesman, 7th President of the USA (1829–37). After waging several campaigns against American Indians, he defeated a British army at New Orleans (1815) and ...
Archibald Grenfell Price

Archibald Grenfell Price  

(1892–1977) and his son(1920– ),respectively geographer and demographer, have both made substantial contributions to historical scholarship. ‘Archie’ taught at St Peter's College, Adelaide, where he ...
Australian Labor Party

Australian Labor Party  

(ALP)is the oldest political party in Australia. Its origins lie in the formation of electoral organisations by trade unionists and socialists from the late 1880s. The defeat of the ...
automation

automation  

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Subject:
History
The use of automatic machinery and systems, particularly those manufacturing or data‐processing systems which require little or no human intervention in their normal operation. During the 19th ...
B.A. Santamaria

B.A. Santamaria  

Born in Melbourne in 1915 of Italian immigrants, B. A. (‘Bob’) Santamaria (1915–98) won a scholarship to study law at Melbourne University from 1932. He joined the Campion Society to ...
balanced budget amendment

balanced budget amendment  

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A proposal to compel the US government to balance its budget by a consitutional amendment forbidding further government borrowing. Such an amendment would remove the discretion to allow a deficit to ...
banking

banking  

A system of trading in money which involved safeguarding deposits and making funds available for borrowers, banking developed in the Middle Ages in response to the growing need for credit in ...
banking and finance

banking and finance  

Encouraged by Alexander Hamilton, Robert Morris persuaded the Continental Congress to charter the Bank of North America in 1781. It lent money to the cash-strapped Revolutionary government as well as ...
basic wage

basic wage  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Sometimes also referred to as a ‘living wage’ or ‘minimum wage’. The principle of a basic wage was most famously enunciated by H. B. Higgins in the ‘Harvester Judgment’: Ex ...
Bernard Baruch

Bernard Baruch  

(1870–1965)US industrialist and financier, the respected adviser of presidents from Wilson to Eisenhower. In World War I he served on the Council of National Defense and was the successful Chairman ...
Bertram Sydney Barnsdale Stevens

Bertram Sydney Barnsdale Stevens  

(1889–1973),premier, was a NSW public servant who entered parliament as a Nationalist MLA in 1927. He became state leader of the United Australia Party in 1932, won the election ...
Black Monday

Black Monday  

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19 October 1987, the day on which world stock markets collapsed. In New York the Dow Jones index fell by 23 percent, and significant falls occurred in London and other major stock markets worldwide. ...
bodyline

bodyline  

In cricket, persistent short-pitched fast bowling on the leg side, threatening the batsman's body, especially as employed by England in the Ashes series in Australia in 1932–3.
Bonus Army

Bonus Army  

A group of over 20,000 World War I veterans who marched on Washington, D.C., to receive their World War I bonus during the summer of 1932. Most of the veterans ...
Bretton Woods Conference

Bretton Woods Conference  

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A conference (formally, the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference) held in July 1944 at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, in the USA, at which the representatives of 44 countries, most ...

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