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African-American troops

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Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.

Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.  

(1912–2002) U.S. army officer and aviator. Davis Jr. was born in Washington, D.C., the son of the first African-American general. He graduated from West Point in 1936 as an infantryman ...
Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.

Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.  

(1877–1970) U.S. army officer. Davis Sr. was born in Washington, D.C., and saw his first military service as a first lieutenant in the 8th Infantry Volunteers in the Spanish-American War ...
Buffalo Soldiers

Buffalo Soldiers  

The first black regiments in the regular army, established by Congress on July 1866. Originally the 9th and 10th Calvary and the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st Infantry Regiments, in ...
Charles Young

Charles Young  

(1864–1919), U.S. Army colonel, military attache.The son of slaves, Young was born in Kentucky and educated in Ohio. He became the ninth African American appointed to West Point, and ...
Colin Powell

Colin Powell  

(1937–), twelfth chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS).Born 5 April 1937 in the Harlem section of New York City and raised in the South Bronx, Colin L. ...
Colored Troops

Colored Troops  

Segregated units of the U.S. Army comprised of black soldiers, usually serving under white officers. Segregation was U.S. Army policy from the Civil War until 1945, when the Gillem Report ...
John C. Calhoun

John C. Calhoun  

(1782–1850)Calhoun has three claims to fame. One stems from his prominence as an American politician between 1811 and 1850. During that period he was, successively, an important member of the House ...
John J. Pershing

John J. Pershing  

(1860–1948)US general. He served in the Spanish–American War and later in the Philippines. He led the US expedition against Mexico in 1916. In May 1917 he was appointed commander of the American ...
Selective Service System

Selective Service System  

“Greetings” began letters to millions of young men, informing them that they had been drafted into military service. The United States had traditionally been opposed to a large standing army ...
Spanish-American War

Spanish-American War  

(1898)A conflict between Spain and the USA. It had its roots in the struggle for independence of Cuba, and in US economic and imperialist ambitions. Sympathetic to Cuban rebels whose second war of ...
Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt  

(1858–1919)US Republican statesman, 26th President of the USA (1901–09). He was elected Vice-President in 1900, succeeding William McKinley in 1901 following the latter's assassination. At home ...

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