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Christian Wolff

(1679—1754)

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Aufklärung

Aufklärung  

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Overview Page
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Literature
The German term for the Enlightenment.
Enzyklopädie

Enzyklopädie  

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Literature
The first notable encyclopedia completed in German is the translation of P. Bayle's Dictionnaire historique et critique (1695–7) by J. C. Gottsched (4 vols., 1741–4). Before this the monumental ...
Halle

Halle  

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Literature
Established as a military outpost by Charlemagne in 806 and valued for its salt, Halle became part of Henry I’s fortification network in the early 10th century. In 961 Otto ...
Jakob Paul Gundling

Jakob Paul Gundling  

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Literature
(Hersbruck, 1673–1731, Potsdam),was appointed press adviser and historiographer to King Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia. A man of appreciable learning and great vanity, Gundling was included in the ...
Johann Christoph Gottsched

Johann Christoph Gottsched  

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Literature
(1700–66)German dramatist and critic. While professor of literature in Leipzig he formed a close acquaintance with Caroline Neuber and her acting troupe in the 1730s. Together they vigorously opposed ...
Samuel Pufendorf

Samuel Pufendorf  

(1632–94)Jurist whose main contribution was to international law. Born near Chemniz, Saxony, he studied law at Leipzig and Jena, and taught at Heidelberg and Lund. He was imprisoned by the Danes ...
Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel

Theodor Gottlieb von Hippel  

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(Gerdauen, East Prussia, 1741–96, Königsberg),the son of a headmaster, began to study theology at Königsberg University in 1756. After two years' intermission (1760–2), first as companion to a ...

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