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Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The first parents of the human race, whose story is told in the opening chapters of the book of Genesis. There is no doubt that until the nineteenth century Adam and Eve were held to be historical ...
Afterlife

Afterlife  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In Islam, one's condition in the afterlife, whether in heaven or hell, is determined by the degree to which one has affirmed the unity and justice of God, acted with mercy and justice toward others, ...
angel

angel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Hermes was the messenger of Zeus. Iris was ascribed the same function; for Plato the two are the divine angeloi. By the 3rd cent. ad, angels played a large part in Judaism and Christianity, and they ...
Black Madonna

Black Madonna  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The depiction of the Virgin Mary with black skin is so widespread culturally and geographically—especially in Europe—as to preclude the explanation that she is dark-skinned when a dark-skinned ...
Christian mythology

Christian mythology  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The New Testament, or Christian section of the Bible, various non-canonical or apocryphal “gospels,” and as other writings and traditions center on the person of Jesus of Nazareth, a Jewish ...
Frigg

Frigg  

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Religion
In Scandinavian mythology, the wife of Odin and goddess of married love and of the hearth, sometimes identified with Freya (see Frey). Friday is named after her.
God and gender

God and gender  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Unlike the case in most mythologies, the creator and supreme god of the Bible has no female companion or wife. This lack of a consort gives rise to many questions. ...
Immaculate Conception

Immaculate Conception  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The dogma that the Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her being conceived, free from all stain of original sin. It and the feast of the conception ...
Joseph

Joseph  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Foster-father of Christ and husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary, died in the 1st century. All that is known of him for certain is contained in the Gospels: Matt. 1–2 and 13: 55; Luke 1–2 and 4: 22. He ...
Jurupari

Jurupari  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The Tupi people of Brazil tell how the world was once ruled by women. But the sun did not approve of this rule, so he married the virgin Ceucy and ...
Mamapacha

Mamapacha  

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Religion
The Incas believed that the creator made man and woman out of clay and then sent his son and daughter, born of the dragon goddess Mamapacha (Pachamama), to teach the ...
Prehistoric mythology of the Neolithic

Prehistoric mythology of the Neolithic  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The first myths, those of the Paleolithic (“Old Stone Age”) and early Neolithic (“New Stone Age”) are, in the absence of written evidence, locked in mystery and can only be ...
Pueblo myth and ritual

Pueblo myth and ritual  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Dance rituals in the pueblos of the Native North American Southwest sometimes suggest mythological sources. This is the case at the San Felipe Pueblo in New Mexico between Santa Fe ...
Saoshyant

Saoshyant  

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Religion
Saoshyant (Saoshyans) is a Zoroastrian term for “savior.” According to the Zoroastrian tradition of Iran, three great Saoshyants will come after Zoroaster (Zarathustra)—himself a Saoshyant. All later ...
Theotokos

Theotokos  

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Religion
Mother of God (used in the Eastern Orthodox Church as a title of the Virgin Mary); the word is ecclesiastical Greek, and comes from theos ‘god’ + -tokos ‘bringing forth’.
virgin birth

virgin birth  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The assertion in the gospels of Matthew and Luke that Jesus was born of Mary without the intervention of a human partner. The pregnancy was initiated by the Holy Spirit (Matt. 1: 18; Luke 1: 35). The ...
Votive Masses

Votive Masses  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In the past Latin Missals have provided Votive Masses for a wide variety of occasions and objects, such as the restoration of peace and in honour of the Lord's Passion. In the 1970 Roman Missal there ...

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