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Alan Edgar Walker

Alan Edgar Walker  

(1911–2001)was a Methodist minister at the NSW coalfield town of Cessnock. His strong social mission informed the book he wrote about the community and its needs, Coaltown (1945). He ...
Alliance for Progress

Alliance for Progress  

A US initiative under President John F. Kennedy, formalized in August 1961 when the countries of Latin America (bar Cuba) and the USA signed a Charter at Punta del Este in Uruguay. Its aim was ‘the ...
American Friends Service Committee

American Friends Service Committee  

Relief organization seeking to implement the Quaker peace testimony.Many American Quaker Yearly Meetings joined in 1917 to create the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) as a place for ...
Americans for Democratic Action

Americans for Democratic Action  

(ADA) was founded in January 1947 by the liberal leadership of a World War II–era interventionist group, the Union for Democratic Action.The ADA's creation marked the culmination of a ...
Antiwar Movement, Vietnam

Antiwar Movement, Vietnam  

The Vietnam War coincided with struggles for civil rights and economic equality in the United States. Many African Americans who spoke out against the war did so because they believed ...
B.A. Santamaria

B.A. Santamaria  

Born in Melbourne in 1915 of Italian immigrants, B. A. (‘Bob’) Santamaria (1915–98) won a scholarship to study law at Melbourne University from 1932. He joined the Campion Society to ...
Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin  

(b. 17 March 1912; d. 24 August 1987),civil rights organizer. Born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Florence Rustin and Archie Hopkins, Bayard Taylor Rustin was one of the most ...
Black Panthers

Black Panthers  

The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense (later simply the Black Panther Party) was born in Oakland, California, on 15 October 1966, and was a radical anti-oppression organization that became ...
China–Australia

China–Australia  

Are among the most important in Australia's foreign policy. Although the fear of China has been common in Australian history, relations have been mainly cordial since 1972.The influx of ...
Coretta Scott King

Coretta Scott King  

(b. 27 April 1927; d. 30 January 2006), activist, civil rights leader.The founding president of the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlanta, Georgia, Coretta ...
Council on Foreign Relations

Council on Foreign Relations  

Nongovernmental policy institute established in 1921.Returning from the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, the scholars and diplomats advising President Woodrow Wilson sought to perpetuate their ...
Defence

Defence  

Established on 11 May 1951, took away responsibility from the Department of Supply for the manufacture and supply of munitions (including armaments, ammunition, war chemicals, machine tools and ...
Film, historical

Film, historical  

Has recorded important moments of Australian history for almost a century. It captured the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia (1901), the dedication of Canberra as the capital (1927), the ...
foreign Policy

foreign Policy  

As long as monarchs wielded great personal power, it is hardly possible to divorce foreign policy from the individual circumstances and character of each king. Nevertheless, at an early period, ...
Foreign relations

Foreign relations  

In the twentieth century have been characterised by a tension between Australia's status as a small to middle power, and its aspiration to find security and play an active role ...
Francis Cardinal Spellman

Francis Cardinal Spellman  

(1889–1967), Catholic archbishop of New York.Born in Whitman, Massachusetts, and educated at Fordham University and the American College at Rome, Francis Joseph Spellman entered the priesthood in ...
Frank Knopfelmacher

Frank Knopfelmacher  

(1923–95),intellectual, was a member of the Jewish middle class of Central Europe, was born in Vienna but raised in Czechoslovakia between the two world wars. Following the Nazi occupation ...
Fundamentalist Movement.

Fundamentalist Movement.  

American fundamentalism emerged within evangelical Protestantism in the early twentieth century in opposition to “modernism,” a term that encompassed liberal theology, the Darwinian theory of ...
George Meany

George Meany  

(1894–1980), labor leader.Born in New York City, George Meany in 1915 joined the United Association of Plumbers and Steam Fitters, his father's union. In 1922 he attained his first ...
Harold Holt

Harold Holt  

(1908–1967)Australian statesman and Liberal prime minister (1966–67).Born in Sydney, the son of a theatrical businessman, Holt was educated in Melbourne and graduated in law from Melbourne University ...

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