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Abe Fortas

Abe Fortas  

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Associate Justice, 1965–69• Born: June 19, 1910, Memphis, Tenn.• Education: Southwestern College, B.A., 1930; Yale Law School, LL.B., 1933• Previous government service: assistant director, corporate ...
ALP (principles and practice)

ALP (principles and practice)  

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The Australian Labor Party (ALP) was established ‘to create a better, fairer life for working people’. From this foundation Labor's values, policy, and practice have evolved in response to national ...
Australia Party

Australia Party  

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The Australia Party (AP) was a significant minor party in the 1960s and 1970s. Its second preferences were important for the Australian Labor Party (see ALP) in several seats in ...
Australian Security Intelligence Organisation

Australian Security Intelligence Organisation  

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ASIO is Australia's domestic national security and intelligence agency under the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979 (Cth). ASIO has no law enforcement powers but investigates and ...
Barry Goldwater

Barry Goldwater  

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(1909–1998), U.S. Senator, Republican presidential candidate.Born in Phoenix, Arizona, Goldwater attended Staunton Military Academy in Virginia and the University of Arizona before entering the ...
Canada–Australia

Canada–Australia  

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The titles of several recent historical examinations of the Canadian–Australian relationship convey ideas of separation and detachment: ‘parties long estranged’, ‘distant ally’, and ‘parallel paths’. ...
coup d'état

coup d'état  

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A violent and immediate seizure of state power, usually by armed forces, and with the implication of being undemocratic and unconstitutional. Successful examples occurred in Greece in 1967, Chile in ...
Defence policy

Defence policy  

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Since before Federation Australia's defence policy has been shaped by ideas of weakness, vulnerability, and isolation. Australians have seen themselves as a small nation with few resources, whose ...
George Bush

George Bush  

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(1924– )US Republican statesman, 41st President of the USA (1989–93). He was director of the CIA from 1976 to 1977, and President Reagan's Vice-President from 1981 to 1988. As President, he ...
Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford  

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1913–2006)US Republican statesman and thirty-eighth president of the USA (1974–77).Ford was born in Omaha, Nebraska. Two years later his parents were divorced, his mother remarried, and the boy was ...
Great Society

Great Society  

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The Great Society is the name that President Lyndon Baines Johnson gave to the outpouring of social and economic policies enacted in the United States during the 1960s. New initiatives ...
Henry Martin Jackson

Henry Martin Jackson  

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(b. Everett, Washington, 31 May 1912; d. Everett, Washington, 1 Sept. 1983)US; member of the US House of Representatives 1940–52; US Senator 1952–83 The son of Norwegian immigrants, Jackson acquired ...
Hubert Humphrey

Hubert Humphrey  

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(b. Wallace, South Dakota, 27 May 1911; d. Waverly, Minnesota, 13 Jan. 1978)US; Vice-President 1964–8 Humphrey qualified from the University of Minnesota in pharmacy and political science and ...
interdependence

interdependence  

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Between industrial democracies.Influenced by the emergence of trade deficits after 1970, the rapid post‐war spread of multinational corporations, and the oil crisis of 1973–4, many political ...
international political economy

international political economy  

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International political economy (IPE) emerged as a heterodox approach to international studies during the 1970s as rising oil prices and the breakdown of the Bretton Woods international monetary ...
J. William Fulbright

J. William Fulbright  

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• Born: Apr. 9, 1905, Sumner, Mo.• Political party: Democrat• Education: University of Arkansas at Fayetteville, graduated, 1925; Rhodes Scholar, Oxford University, 1928; George Washington University ...
pardon Power

pardon Power  

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The Constitution (Article 2, Section 2) grants the President the power to reprieve and pardon individuals who have committed crimes or other offenses against the United States. A reprieve is ...
political culture

political culture  

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The attitudes, beliefs, and values which underpin the operation of a particular political system. These were seen as including knowledge and skills about the operation of the political system, ...
Politics and literature

Politics and literature  

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No Australian poet has proclaimed, as Shelley did, that ‘poets are the unacknowledged legislators of mankind’, but Bernard O'Dowd went close. In his manifesto Poetry Militant, a presidential address ...
public opinion

public opinion  

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The aggregation of the views of individuals in society. The idea of public opinion has roots in Western political thought that go back to the eighteenth century, although related ideas go back ...

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