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Academic Freedom.

Academic Freedom.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The American tradition of academic freedom drew inspiration from the German concept of Lehrfreiheit, the statutory rights of professors in state universities to teach and do research freely. ...
Curtiss-Wright Export Corp., United States v.

Curtiss-Wright Export Corp., United States v.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
299 U.S. 304 (1936), argued 19–20 Nov. 1936, decided 21 Dec. 1936 by vote of 7 to 1; Sutherland for the Court, McReynolds in dissent, Stone not participating. The powers of the federal government in ...
executive agreements

executive agreements  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Executive agreements enable the US President to make international arrangements without senatorial participation, as is constitutionally required for treaties. Presidents may thus circumvent the ...
First Amendment Absolutism

First Amendment Absolutism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Among the several attempts to draw a line between constitutionally and legally appropriate application of the quintet of First Amendment guarantees—separation of church and state, free exercise of ...
Flast v. Cohen

Flast v. Cohen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
392 U.S. 83 (1968), argued 12 Mar. 1968, decided 10 June 1968 by vote of 8 to 1; Warren for the Court, Douglas, Stewart, and Fortas concurring separately, Harlan in dissent. A group of taxpayers sued ...
Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy

Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Of the three branches of the federal government, the judiciary has least to say on the subjects of foreign affairs and foreign policy. While the Constitution empowers justices to try ...
Lionel Keith Murphy

Lionel Keith Murphy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1922–86)introduced major legal reforms during his time as attorney-general in the Whitlam government of 1972–75. After graduating in law in 1949, Murphy became known at the Sydney Bar for ...
New York Times Co. v. United States

New York Times Co. v. United States  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
• 403 U.S. 713 (1971)• Vote: 6–3• For the Court: per curiam opinion; Douglas, Stewart, White, Marshall, Black, and Brennan writing separately• Dissenting: Burger, Blackmun, and Harlan• 403 U.S. 713 ...
Powell v. Mccormack

Powell v. Mccormack  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
395 U.S. 486, argued 21 Apr. 1969, decided 16 June 1969 by vote of 8 to 1; Warren for the Court, Douglas concurring, Stewart in dissent. In 1966 the flamboyant black congressman, Adam Clayton Powell, ...
Rostker v. Goldberg

Rostker v. Goldberg  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
453 U.S. 57 (1981), argued 24 Mar. 1981, decided 25 June 1981 by vote of 6 to 3; Rehnquist for the Court, White (joined by Brennan) and Marshall (joined by Brennan) in dissent. In 1971, several men ...
Selective Draft Law Cases

Selective Draft Law Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
245 U.S. 366 (1918), argued 13–14 Dec. 1917, decided 7 Jan. 1918 by vote of 9 to 0, White for the Court. Not until after the passage of the Selective Service Act of 1917 was the authority of the ...
Speech and the Press

Speech and the Press  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Freedom of speech and the press is perhaps the best-known principle of American law. The First Amendment epitomizes the limitations placed on government by the Bill of Rights. Jurists and ...
Symbolic Speech

Symbolic Speech  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Supreme Court has determined that the First Amendment protects nonverbal expression. In Stromberg v. California (1931), for example, the Court struck down a statute that prohibited the display of ...
Test Oaths

Test Oaths  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Coercive and exclusionary test oaths commonly require foreswearing past associates, conduct, or beliefs, but mandatory commitments about future behavior, such as the Mayflower Compact and the ...
Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
393 U.S. 503 (1969), argued 12 Nov. 1968, decided 24 Feb. 1969 by vote of 7 to 2; Fortas for the Court, Stewart and White concurring, Black and Harlan in dissent. Some Des Moines, Iowa, high school ...

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