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Vietnam War

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Afghanistan War

Afghanistan War  

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(1979–1989)Following a military coup in April 1978, the communist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan took power. The party was riven by sectarian disputes and, in December 1979, the Soviet ...
African-American troops

African-American troops  

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Variously called negro, coloured, and black, the history of African-American soldiers is that of US race relations in general. Even after the abolition of formal discrimination by colour, advancement ...
age

age  

The duration of time a person has lived. Age is conventionally defined from the time of birth, which counts as zero, and is measured in completed years of life. For some purposes, age is measured ...
Aggression and Violence

Aggression and Violence  

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To understand the nature of aggression and violence on the battlefield, it must first be recognized that most participants in close combat are literally “frightened out of their wits.” Once ...
aid to civil power

aid to civil power  

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Specifically (in British usage) Military Aid to the Civil Power (MACP) means armed assistance to the police when the latter are unable to cope with riot, organized crime, or terrorism. ...
Air Chief Marshal Sir Neville Patrick McNamara

Air Chief Marshal Sir Neville Patrick McNamara  

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(17 April 1923– ).A wartime entrant into the RAAF, McNamara enlisted as an aircrew trainee in October 1941 and graduated as a pilot. He flew fighters with No. 75 Squadron ...
Air Force Combat Organizations: Strategic Air Forces

Air Force Combat Organizations: Strategic Air Forces  

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First introduced as auxiliaries in support of ground and naval forces, aircraft offered a potential technological solution to the problems of warfare in the industrial age. Aerial forces could fly ...
airborne warfare

airborne warfare  

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The first concept for the use of American airborne troops occurred during World War I in 1918, when Gen. Billy Mitchell proposed a mass drop of paratroopers against German trenches ...
aircraft carrier

aircraft carrier  

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History
A large warship equipped to serve as a base for aircraft that can take off from and land on its deck.
Alan Edgar Walker

Alan Edgar Walker  

(1911–2001)was a Methodist minister at the NSW coalfield town of Cessnock. His strong social mission informed the book he wrote about the community and its needs, Coaltown (1945). He ...
Alliance for Progress

Alliance for Progress  

A US initiative under President John F. Kennedy, formalized in August 1961 when the countries of Latin America (bar Cuba) and the USA signed a Charter at Punta del Este in Uruguay. Its aim was ‘the ...
ambulances

ambulances  

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The transport of sick or wounded forms an important element of the organization of military medicine, and its efficiency directly affects survival rates. An ambulance is effectively any vehicle ...
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations

American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations  

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History
(AFL-CIO)The main US labour federation. The name results from the amalgamation in 1955 of two associations, the AFL representing mainly craft unions, and the CIO representing mainly industrial ...
American Friends Service Committee

American Friends Service Committee  

Relief organization seeking to implement the Quaker peace testimony.Many American Quaker Yearly Meetings joined in 1917 to create the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) as a place for ...
Americans for Democratic Action

Americans for Democratic Action  

(ADA) was founded in January 1947 by the liberal leadership of a World War II–era interventionist group, the Union for Democratic Action.The ADA's creation marked the culmination of a ...
ammunition

ammunition  

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N. a supply or quantity of bullets and shells.
amphibious Operations

amphibious Operations  

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An attack launched from the sea by naval and landing forces, embarked in ships or craft involving a landing on a hostile or potentially hostile shore. An amphibious operation involves five phases: ...
amphibious warfare

amphibious warfare  

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Warfare consisting of attacks launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked in ships or craft and involving the landing and establishing of forces on a hostile shore.[...]
animals and the military

animals and the military  

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(see also horses). Man has made use of the strength, speed, and stamina of his companion animals, in war as well as in peace, from the earliest recorded times. Domesticated ...
Antipersonnel Weapons

Antipersonnel Weapons  

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Have been defined as being “designed to destroy or obstruct personnel.” The first antipersonnel (AP) mine device activated by human foot pressure, a fladdermine, was described by a German author ...

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