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Abwehr

Abwehr  

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Overview Page
(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the Versailles Treaty, in ...
Archduke of Austria Charles

Archduke of Austria Charles  

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(1771–1847),dynamic military leader and reformer and a reminder of how the Habsburgs came to be great in the first place. The third son of Emperor Leopold II, his first ...
Armistice Day

Armistice Day  

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The anniversary of the armistice of 11 November 1918, now replaced by Remembrance Sunday in the UK and Veterans Day in the US.
Battle of Adrianople

Battle of Adrianople  

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(9 August 378 ad)The Roman city of Adrianople, 480 km (300 miles) west of Constantinople, was the scene of the defeat of the Roman forces by the Visigoths. Emperor Valens, who had hoped to prevent ...
Geneva and Hague Conventions

Geneva and Hague Conventions  

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International efforts to regulate the conduct of warfare and armed conflict are often understood to consist of two main codes of legal and humanitarian thinking: Geneva and Hague. Each approach ...
Greek civil war

Greek civil war  

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(1944–5 and 1946–9),a two-stage conflict in which Greek communists tried but failed to take over Greece. The German occupation of Greece during WW II had been resisted by two ...
Peloponnesian wars

Peloponnesian wars  

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(c.460–446, 431–404 bc).The first of these periods of warfare, sometimes called the first Peloponnesian war, although the second is never so designated, was sparked by Athenian aggression in the ...
Siege of Liège

Siege of Liège  

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The Belgian city of Liège has figured prominently and frequently in wars from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. In a border location and an important manufacturing centre with ...
Yugoslavia in WW II

Yugoslavia in WW II  

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Created after WW I, from the kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and territories which had formerly belonged to the Turkish and Austro-Hungarian empires. Yugoslavia had been ruled since 1934 by ...

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