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Leon Trotsky

(1879—1940) Russian revolutionary

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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin  

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(born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (1879–1953) Soviet statesman, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR (1922–53). Born in Georgia, he joined the Bolsheviks under Lenin in 1903 ...
Karl Radek

Karl Radek  

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(b. 1885, d. 1939?).Russian Communist Born Karl Sobelsohn, he was an active Social Democrat in Germany and Poland in 1901, and became a Bolshevik follower of Lenin after meeting him and other Russian ...
Leninism

Leninism  

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The doctrines of V. I. Lenin (1870–1924), especially his core contributions—on the party, the state, imperialism, and revolution—to Marxist theory.In What Is To Be Done? (1902) Lenin addressed the ...
Stalinism

Stalinism  

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Stalinism has come to stand for the whole of the repressive Soviet political system under Joseph Stalin (1879–1953) from at least 1928 until his death, although many commentators extend the term to ...
totalitarianism

totalitarianism  

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The principle of government according to which all institutional and private arrangements are subject to control by the state. There are thus no autonomous associations, nor is there any principled ...
Trotskyism

Trotskyism  

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The political or economic principles of the Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky (1879–1940), especially the theory that socialism should be established throughout the world by continuing revolution.
Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Preobrazhensky

Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Preobrazhensky  

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(b. Bolkhoz, Central Russia, 1886; d. 1937)Russian; ‘Old Bolshevik’ and political theorist Preobrazhensky was the son of an Orthodox priest, and was a revolutionary sympathizer by the time he left ...

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