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al-Qaeda

al-Qaeda  

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A network of Islamic fundamentalist groups, founded in 1988 and associated with the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. The name comes from Arabic, meaning literally ‘the base’.
Dawlah

Dawlah  

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An Arabic term from the root d-w-l, meaning to rotate, alternate, take turns, or occur periodically, dawlah, in a modern context, refers to the state. In modern Persian a similar ...
Ḥijāb

Ḥijāb  

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Religion
(Arab.).Any partition which separates two things (e.g. that which separates God from creation), but usually the veil worn by Muslim women. The almost total covering of the chaddor is ...
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan  

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Begun in 1991 with the collapse of the Soviet Union and organized as the IMU by Tahir Yuldeshev in 1998. Seeks to establish a government based on shariah. Based in Uzbekistan but has branches in ...
Islamic State

Islamic State  

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Modern ideological position associated with political Islam. In classical theory, the Islamic concept of state is based on the principles of group/community, justice, and leadership. The legitimacy ...
Kashmir

Kashmir  

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Religion
A disputed territory between India and Pakistan. In 1941, 77 percent of the population was Muslim. Three major political forces dominated: the National Conference, which wanted to join India; the ...
Mujāhidīn

Mujāhidīn  

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Plural of mujahid, “one who engages in jihad.” The term does not have a necessary connection with war. In literal terms, it means “one who struggles on behalf of Islam.” In recent years, however, it ...
Osama Bin Laden

Osama Bin Laden  

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(1957–2011)Leader and founder of the al-Qaeda terrorist network. Born in Saudi Arabia, he inherited a fortune from his father's construction business, which he has used to further his militant ...

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