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Cassius Longinus, Quintus

Cassius Longinus, Quintus  

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(RE 70)probably cousin of the tyrannicide Cassius, was Pompey's rapacious quaestor in Further Spain c.52 bc. In 49, as one of the two tribunes who supported Caesar, he fled ...
Central America

Central America  

Central American children's books reflect the history and culture of the bridge of seven nations (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama) that connects North and ...
Hamilcar Barca

Hamilcar Barca  

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(died c.229 bc)Carthaginian general and father of Hannibal and Hasdrubal. He commanded the Carthaginian forces in the later part of the first of the Punic wars and negotiated the peace of 241 bc. ...
Hannibal

Hannibal  

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(247–182bc),Carthaginian general. In the second Punic War he attacked Italy via the Alps, which he crossed with elephants; he repeatedly defeated the Romans, but failed to take Rome itself. After ...
Hasdrubal

Hasdrubal  

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(RE 5),a popular leader in Carthage and son-in-law of Hamilcar (2) Barca, whom he accompanied to Spain in 237 bc. At some point he returned to Africa to suppress ...
Hibernia

Hibernia  

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Latin name for Ireland, from an alteration of Iverna, from Greek I(w)ernē, of Celtic origin; related to Irish Éire, Éirinn ‘Ireland’.
Iberia

Iberia  

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One of the ancient names for Spain.(2) The ancient name for the eastern half of Georgia, between Colchis and Transcaucasian Albania and north of Armenia. Its chief river was ...
Isidorus Hispalensis

Isidorus Hispalensis  

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Isidore, bishop of Seville (c. 600–36), came from a Roman family of considerable influence in Visigothic Spain (see Goths): his brother Leander was his predecessor at Seville (c. 577–c. 600). ...
Lucius Afranius

Lucius Afranius  

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(RE 6)a novus homo born in Picenum (Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae 878), served under Pompey against Sertorius. He was praetor (probably 72 or 71 bc) and proconsul in either Cisalpine ...
Narbo

Narbo  

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The first Roman colony in Gaul, founded in 118 bc to protect the road to Spain. It succeeded a Celto-Iberian hill-fort (at Montlaurès). Caesar's tenth legion was settled here, and ...
Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio, Titus

Pomponius Proculus Vitrasius Pollio, Titus  

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(RE ‘Pomponius’ 67 and ‘Vitrasius’ 8),a member of the Vitrasii family from Cales in Campania which provided two prefects of Egypt (see praefectus) in the Julio-Claudian period and gained ...
praetor

praetor  

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In ancient Rome, originally, the consul commanding the army; after bc 366, the annually elected magistrate; later, each of two magistrates ranking below consul.
Romanization

Romanization  

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[Ge]For Francis Haverfield, writing in the early 20th century, Romanization was a historical process involving a material change to native cultures brought about by a strong Roman presence that ...
Scipio Aemilianus

Scipio Aemilianus  

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(c. 185–129bc)Roman general and politician. He achieved distinction in the third Punic War, and blockaded and destroyed Carthage in 146. His successful campaign in Spain (133) ended organized ...
Valentia

Valentia  

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On the south-east coast of Hispania Citerior (Hither Spain), probably founded by D. Iunius Brutus Callaicus (138 bc) for soldiers who had fought under him against Viriatus. The inhabitants supported ...
Victorinus, Marcus Piavvonius

Victorinus, Marcus Piavvonius  

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Praetorian prefect (see praefectus praetorio) of the Gallic usurper, Postumus, whom he succeeded in ad 269 after the ephemeral reign of Marius. Though he abandoned Spain and lost eastern Narbonensis ...

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