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Greek sacrifice

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animal

animal  

Animal Farm a fable (1945) by George Orwell which consists of a satire on Russian Communism as it developed under Stalin. The animals of the farm, led by the pigs, revolt against the cruel farmer, ...
animals in cult

animals in cult  

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Numerous features of Greek religion attest links between animals and gods, usually between one animal or group of animals and one divinity. Thus Athena is associated with various birds (in Athens ...
apex

apex  

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A special kind of cap worn by Roman flamines, Salii, and some other priests. The word is said originally to have meant not the whole cap, but the spike or ...
Boedromia

Boedromia  

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Literally ‘festival of running to help in response to a cry for aid’ (or of the god associated therewith), a minor Attic festival of Apollo. Both the associated month-name Boedromion ...
Despoina

Despoina  

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‘The Mistress’, an Arcadian goddess worshipped at Lycosura together with her mother Demeter, her foster-father Anytus, and Artemis (Pausanias 8. 37. 3–9); there was an altar to her father, Poseidon ...
Dionysus

Dionysus  

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In Greek mythology, a god, son of Zeus and Semele; his worship entered Greece from Thrace c.1000 bc. Originally a god of the fertility of nature, associated with wild and ecstatic religious rites, in ...
genos

genos  

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The word genos was widely and variously used in Greek of all periods to denote ‘species’, ‘genus’, ‘sort’, ‘category’, ‘birth’, ‘kin’, ‘race’, ‘lineage’, ‘family’, ‘generation’, ‘posterity’, etc. ...
Greece

Greece  

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Archaic, Classical, HellenisticArchaic period(776–479). The conventional date for the beginning of the historical period of Greece is 776, the date of the first Olympic Games on the reckoning of ...
Greek calendar

Greek calendar  

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There was no single Greek calendar. Almost every Greek community had a calendar of its own, differing from others in the names of the months and the date of the New Year. All were, at least ...
Greek purification

Greek purification  

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The concept of ‘purification’, like that of pollution, was applied in very diverse ways in Greek ritual. Many purifications were performed not in response to specific pollutions, but as preparation ...
Greek religion

Greek religion  

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The religion of the ancient Greek world. It was polytheistic, involving the worship of several gods and goddesses. The most important deities were the sky-god Zeus (ruler of Olympus), his wife Hera ...
heroes

heroes  

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Heroes were a class of beings worshipped by the Greeks, generally conceived as the powerful dead, and often as forming a class intermediate between gods and men. Not until the 8th cent. do hero‐cults ...
libations

libations  

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Ritual pouring of water, wine, oil, milk, or honey in honour of gods, heroes, or the dead. Libations are an act of surrender, preceding human participation in meals and other acts. They mark ...
meals, sacred

meals, sacred  

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Either as part of a religious festival or functioning as religious festivals. The notion that a divinity is a participant in the meal with mortals distinguishes these meals from those in which acts ...
Meilichios

Meilichios  

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A cult epithet meaning roughly ‘who can, but needs to, be propitiated’. The primary Meilichios was Zeus. He was a god of individuals and of semi-familial groups (K. Forbes, Philologus ...
music in worship

music in worship  

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Both in Greece and Italy music, vocal and instrumental, formed an important part of worship at all periods. To begin with Homer, the embassy sent to Chryse in The Iliad ...
nymphs

nymphs  

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A mythological spirit of nature imagined as a beautiful maiden inhabiting rivers, woods, or other locations. Recorded from late Middle English, the word comes via Old French and Latin from Greek ...
omphalos

omphalos  

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[Ar]A sacred conical or spherical stone symbolically representing the navel of the earth. Found in Mycenaean contexts in Greece, as at Delphi.
orgeōnes

orgeōnes  

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(ὄργεω̑νες) are members of a society devoted to the rites (ὄργια) of a particular hero or god; they are in effect confined to Attica. A group of orgeōnes was an ...
polemarchos

polemarchos  

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(πολέμαρχος), one of the nine archontes appointed annually in Athens. The name indicates that the polemarchos' original function was to command the army; presumably the office was created to take ...

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