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Russian Revolution

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Alexander Feodorovich Kerensky

Alexander Feodorovich Kerensky  

(1881–1970)Russian revolutionary. He was a representative of the moderate Labour Party in the Fourth Duma (1912) and joined the Socialist Revolutionary Party during the Russian Revolution. After the ...
Duma

Duma  

An elective legislative assembly introduced in Russia by Nicholas II in 1906 in response to popular unrest. Boycotted by the socialist parties, its efforts to introduce taxation and agrarian reforms ...
Grigori Zinoviev

Grigori Zinoviev  

(b. 11 Sept. 1883, d. 25 Aug. 1936).Soviet politician Born Radomyslsky Apfelbaum in Elizavetgrad, he joined the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1901 and supported the Bolshevik faction in 1903, ...
Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov

Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov  

(1881–1969)Soviet statesman and marshal. One of the oldest of the Bolsheviks, he became president (1953–60) after Stalin's death.Born in Verkhne, Dnepropetrovsk, the son of a miner, Voroshilov worked ...
Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin

Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin  

(1875–1946)Soviet statesman, head of state of the USSR (1919–46). Born in Russia, he was a founder of the newspaper Pravda in 1912.
Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin  

(b. 11 June 1895, d. 26 Feb. 1975).Soviet statesman Born in Nijni Novgorod, he fought in World War I and joined the Communist Party at the time of the Russian Revolutions in 1917. He contributed to ...
Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution  

(1905)A conflict in Russia between the government of Nicholas II and industrial workers, peasants, and armed forces. Heavy taxation had brought mounting distress to the poor, and Russia's defeat in ...
Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,390 words
Illustration(s):
1

The Russian Revolution grew out of two and a half years of devastating losses in an unpopular war, harsh economic

Treaty of London

Treaty of London  

(26 Apr. 1915)A secret treaty between Russia, Britain, and France on the one side, and Italy on the other. In an effort to induce Italy to enter World War I within a month, the other powers confirmed ...

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