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Abiezer Coppe

Abiezer Coppe  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1619–72),a Ranter, preacher, mystic, and pamphleteer, famed for his eccentric behaviour (he preached naked in the streets of London, denouncing the rich); his two Fiery Flying Rolls (1649) are ...
Algernon Sidney

Algernon Sidney  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1622–83),the grandnephew of Sir P. Sidney, took up arms against Charles I and was wounded at Marston Moor. He was employed on government service until the Restoration, but his firm republicanism ...
Andrew Fletcher

Andrew Fletcher  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1655–1716).Politician. Fletcher of Saltoun was taught by Gilbert Burnet, who later described him as ‘a most violent republican and extremely passionate’. He represented East Lothian at the ...
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1621–83)English statesman. He entered Parliament in 1640 as a royalist supporter, but changed sides in 1643, eventually becoming a member of Cromwell's council of state. In 1660 he was one of the ...
Book of Common Prayer

Book of Common Prayer  

(often BCP).The major prayer book of the Anglican Church, and official service book of the Church of England. Its centrality and continuing use is advocated by the Prayer Book Society.[...]
census

census  

n. a ten-yearly enumeration of the population based on the actual presence of individuals in a house or institution on a designated night (known as a de facto census). This contrasts with the ...
John Earle

John Earle  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(?1601–65),a member of Falkland's circle at Great Tew. After the Restoration he became bishop of Worcester, then Salisbury. Microcosmographie (1628) was a collection of character sketches, chiefly by ...
John Locke

John Locke  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1632–1704)English philosopher. Locke was born in Wrington, Somerset and educated at Oxford, where he seemed destined for a career in medicine. In 1666 he met Anthony Ashley-Cooper, later the 1st ...
Sir William Petty

Sir William Petty  

(1623–76),published economic treatises, the principal of which was entitled Political Arithmetic (1690), a term signifying that which we now call statistics. In this he examined, by the quantitative ...
William Prynne

William Prynne  

(1600–69)English Puritan pamphleteer, a fearless campaigner on religious, moral, and political issues. His most famous pamphlet, Histrio Mastix (1632), was an attack on stage-plays; he was tried ...

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