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Act of Settlement

Act of Settlement  

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Overview Page
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History
(1662),passed by the Irish parliament as part of the Restoration land settlement. Dispossessed proprietors judged by a court of claims to have been innocent of rebellion were to be ...
Acts of Uniformity

Acts of Uniformity  

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Overview Page
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History
A series of English laws intended to secure the legal and doctrinal basis of the Anglican Communion. The first (1549) made the Book of Common Prayer compulsory in church services, with severe ...
alehouses

alehouses  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
The licensing system began in 1495, but most licences were issued after the passing of another Act in 1552. Amongst the records of quarter sessions are those of special sittings ...
anniversaries

anniversaries  

It was early in the 3rd c. that the Christians seem to have got into the habit of commemorating the dead on the anniversary of their decease, at first designated ...
architectural styles and features

architectural styles and features  

With the reign of King David I (1124–53), Scotland became a part of the western European polity of feudalism. Its most visible symbol was the castle, which was introduced by ...
army records

army records  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
See the Public Record Office Records Information leaflet no. 59, ‘British Army Records as Sources for Biography and Genealogy’.Personal information about officers should be first sought in the ...
baptists

baptists  

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Overview Page
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History
A person who practises baptism; The Baptist is the epithet of St John of Chancery.A Baptist is a member of a Protestant Christian denomination advocating baptism only of adult believers by total ...
Bellew

Bellew  

A leading Old English family. John Bellew (d. 1693) was restored to the family lands in Cos. Louth and Meath at the Restoration and created Baron Bellew of Duleek in ...
bishop's transcript

bishop's transcript  

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Overview Page
Subject:
History
A bishop's transcript is a copy, usually in the hand of a parish clerk, of one year's entries in a parish register that the vicar or other incumbent was obliged ...
Book of Common Prayer

Book of Common Prayer  

(often BCP).The major prayer book of the Anglican Church, and official service book of the Church of England. Its centrality and continuing use is advocated by the Prayer Book Society.[...]
books of Survey and Distribution

books of Survey and Distribution  

Manuscript volumes summarizing the Cromwellian land settlement and its modification at the Restoration. Laid out by county, barony, parish, and townland, they show the ownership of land in 1641, as ...
borough

borough  

The word ‘borough’ (‘burgh’ in Scotland) has caused endless confusion. The Old English (Anglo‐Saxon) terms burg, burh, and byrig were used originally for fortified places. By 1086, however, Domesday ...
Boyle

Boyle  

One of the most important political dynasties of the 17th and 18th centuries. The founder of the family's fortune was Richard Boyle, 1st earl of Cork, whose material success and ...
Brodrick Midleton

Brodrick Midleton  

Co. Cork landed family, established in Ireland from the 17th century and politically active into the 20th. Its Irish presence was established by two brothers. Sir Alan Brodrick, a royalist ...
Catholicism

Catholicism  

The word derives from the universality of faith in the Christian church, but since the 16th cent. has referred to the portion of Christianity accepting papal authority. It delineates the distinctive ...
Cavaliers

Cavaliers  

Nickname for the royalists who fought for Charles I during the civil wars. Like ‘roundhead’, ‘cavalier’ originated as a term of abuse. Stemming from the Spanish word caballero, it was meant to ...
census

census  

n. a ten-yearly enumeration of the population based on the actual presence of individuals in a house or institution on a designated night (known as a de facto census). This contrasts with the ...
Charles II

Charles II  

(1630–85),king of England, Ireland, and Scotland (acceded 1649, restored 1660–85). Charles received his practical education in 1648–51 when he learnt how to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances, ...
Civil Survey

Civil Survey  

Together with the earlier Gross Survey and the later Down Survey, the Civil Survey (1654–6) was one of the inquiries into Irish land and land ownership that were intended as ...
Clancarty

Clancarty  

Earldom held by the MacCarthys of Muskerry. Donough MacCarthy (1594–1665), Viscount Muskerry, combined Gaelic descent with Old English politics, supporting Ormond (his brother‐in‐law) in the ...

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