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Adriatic Sea

Adriatic Sea  

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(Gk. ὁ Ἀδρίας; Lat. Mare adriaticum or superum), used as an alternative to ‘Ionian Sea’ for the waters between the Balkan peninsula and Italy, and like ‘Ionian’, sometimes extended to ...
Auximum

Auximum  

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With well-preserved ancient walls, hill-town of Picenum, 17 km. (10 ½ mi.) from the Adriatic. Becoming a Roman colony (128 bc?), it developed into a flourishing place, which supported Caesar ...
Boethius

Boethius  

(c. 480–524),Roman statesman and philosopher, best known for The Consolation of Philosophy, which he wrote while in prison on a charge of treason. He argued that the soul can attain happiness in ...
Cassiodorus

Cassiodorus  

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Politician, writer, and monk (c. ad 490–c.585). His Bruttian family had a tradition of provincial leadership and official service. He assisted his father, praetorian prefect of Italy, 503–7, under ...
Maroboduus

Maroboduus  

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A prince of the Marcomanni, persuaded his tribe to migrate from southern Germany to Bohemia (soon after 9 bc), where he built up an organized kingdom, extending his power over ...
Mediolanum

Mediolanum  

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Founded c.396 bc, near Etruscan Melpum (Pliny Homo Necans 3. 125), by the Insubres. Under permanent Roman control from 194 bc, it grew steadily as a municipium and, later, as ...
Misenum

Misenum  

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The northern headland of the bay of Naples (Neapolis) (reputedly the tomb of Aeneas' trumpeter Misenus, Virgil Aeneid 6. 162f.) and the adjoining harbour and town. A villa resort in ...
Padus

Padus  

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(Ligurian Bodincus, Greek Ἠριδανός, mod. Po): Italy's longest river, with numerous tributaries. It rises in the Cottian Alps, flows about 400 miles eastward through Cisalpine Gaul (see Gaul ...
papyrus

papyrus  

Decoration based on stylized versions of the flowers and leaves of the paperreed (Cyperus papyrus), often found in Ancient Egyptian architecture, notably on capitals.Stylized representations of ...
praefectus

praefectus  

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Means ‘put in charge’ and describes a great variety of men set in authority—officers in the army and navy, major imperial officials, judicial officers delegated by the praetor and deputies for local ...
Symmachus

Symmachus  

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(Quintus Aurelius Symmachus; c.345–c.402ce),Roman senator, orator, and epistolographer. The survival of his writings makes Symmachus an invaluable source for the political, social, and cultural life ...
via Aemilia

via Aemilia  

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Named after its builder, M. Aemilius Lepidus (1), consul 187 bc (Livy, 39. 2), and subsequently repaired by Augustus and Trajan, ran from Ariminum 281 km. (176 mi.) north-west to ...
via Flaminia

via Flaminia  

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The great northern highway of Italy, built 220 bc by Flaminius, when censor. It was 334 km. (209 mi.) long from Rome by way of Narnia, to Fanum Fortunae, where it turned NW and followed the Adriatic ...

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