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Muammar al- Qaddafi

(b. 1942)

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Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Defined by an anticolonial ethos and the glorification of origins and history in the face of Western dominance experienced by Arab countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Aims at ...
Congresses

Congresses  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Islamic congresses were proposed by late-nineteenth-century Muslim reformists to promote internal reform of Islam and resist Western imperialism. The dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire and abolition ...
Gaddafi, Mu'ammer Muhammad al

Gaddafi, Mu'ammer Muhammad al (1942–2011)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
445 words

Libyan statesman and colonel, chairman of the Revolutionary Council (1969–77) and president of Libya (1977–2011).

Born in Sirte, the son of a nomadic family, ...

Gaddafi, Muammar

Gaddafi, Muammar (1942–2011)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

(1969–2011) who removed U.S. and British military bases from the country shortly after leading a coup that overthrew the monarchy of ...

Hafez al- Assad

Hafez al- Assad  

(b. 6 Oct. 1930, d. 16 Oct. 2000).President of Syria 1971–2000Early careerBorn in Qardaha into the Alawi sect, he became an officer in the airforce. He joined the Ba'ath Party in the 1950s, and ...
Islamic fundamentalism

Islamic fundamentalism  

A disputed term, widely used in the US and to a lesser extent in Britain to denote any movement to favour strict observance of the teachings of the Qur'an and the Shari'a (Islamic Law). On the ...
James, Daniel

James, Daniel  

(1920–78) air force officer, born in Pensacola, Florida. James was the first black four-star general (1975), and served from the time of his promotion to that rank until shortly before ...
Jean-Bédel Bokassa

Jean-Bédel Bokassa  

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Overview Page
(1921–96)President of the Central African Republic (1966–76); emperor of the Central African Empire (1976–79). After a distinguished career in the French Army, Bokassa became commander-in-chief of ...
Libya

Libya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Libya is ending its diplomatic isolation, but democracy is still not on the agendaMost of Libya is a vast barren plain of rocks and sand. The majority of the population live in Tripolitania, in the ...
Nasserism

Nasserism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Political movement calling for the liberation of Arabs and all Afro-Asian states colonized or dominated by Western powers, with Egypt playing a key leadership role. Influence grew as Gamal Abdel ...
Nation of Islam

Nation of Islam  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Heterodox black religious movement in America, based on black nationalism. More than 90 percent of converts are African-Americans. The Nation of Islam was founded in 1930 by Wallace D. Fard. Elijah ...
Qaddafi, Muammar

Qaddafi, Muammar   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
722 words

Born in 1942 into a family of the Qadhafa tribe on the southern coastline of the Gulf of Sirte in

Qaddafi, Muammar al-

Qaddafi, Muammar al- (1942–)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

Muammar al-Qaddafi (also spelled Moammar Gadhafi, or Mu’ammar al-Qadhdafi) was born to a Bedouin family near the town of Surt

Qaddafi, Muammar al-

Qaddafi, Muammar al- (1942)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
79 words

Libyan de facto head of state. In 1969, he led the coup that toppled King Idris I. Qaddafi

Qaddafi, Muammar al-

Qaddafi, Muammar al- (1942–2011)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
85 words

(1942–2011)

Libyan political leader. Rose to power after a coup that overthrew the monarchy in 1969. Put

Qadhaffi, Muʿammar

Qadhaffi, Muʿammar (1938)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
53 words

(b. 1938).

Libyan leader, founding his revolution (and Green Book) on Islamic principles. In 1975, he began

Qadhafi, Muammar

Qadhafi, Muammar (1942–2011)   Reference library

George Joffé

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
852 words

By fall 2011 the Qadhafi regime in Libya had effectively ended, its last redoubts under attack and its creator in

Qadhdhāfī, Muʿammar al-

Qadhdhāfī, Muʿammar al-   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
1,638 words

Muʿammar al-Qadhdhāfī (b. 1942)is a Libyanmilitary and political leader. When the monarchy in Libya was overthrown

World Islamic Call Society

World Islamic Call Society  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Founded in Libya in 1972, the Islamic Call Society, known as the World Islamic Call Society (WICS) since 1982, is entrusted with the task of missionary activity. The Revolutionary Command ...

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