Overview

Erwin Piscator

(1893—1966)

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Actors' Studio Free Theater at Raw Space

Actors' Studio Free Theater at Raw Space  

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In 1994 the Actors' Studio launched a new initiative with the New York New School for Social Research, a marvellous university that had been established by John Dewey and others ...
agitprop

agitprop  

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Formed from the title of the Department of Agitation and Propaganda founded in 1920 in Soviet Russia, Agit-prop was intended to control the ideological thinking of the masses. Agit-prop trains toured ...
Armand Gatti

Armand Gatti  

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(1924– )French writer and director. Gatti at 17 was deported to a labour camp in Germany; the image of the concentration camp appears in several of his works. An ebullient ...
audience

audience  

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The role of the theatre audience has been both preserved and challenged in the twentieth century. The set of conventions for mainstream theatre, requiring a particular response to the on-stage ...
Berlin

Berlin  

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Berlin airlift an operation by British and American aircraft to airlift food and supplies to Berlin in 1948–9, while Russian forces blockaded the city to isolate it from the West and terminate the ...
Bernardo Santareno

Bernardo Santareno  

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(1957–81)Portuguese playwright, pseudonym of António Martinho do Rosário, a doctor and psychiatrist, whose work registers the upheavals of the Revolution of 1974. Led by the search for a national ...
Brechtian

Brechtian  

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An adjective which attests to the influence of the dramaturgy, practice, and theory of Bertolt Brecht in the twentieth century and beyond. The term has tended to be used in ...
documentary drama and theatre

documentary drama and theatre  

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Plays written, compiled, or even improvised directly from ‘documentary’ sources became a feature of many theatre cultures during the twentieth century. Radio, film, and particularly television also ...
Documentary Theatre

Documentary Theatre  

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Theatre based, usually for propaganda purposes, on fact, as documented in material such as records, films, newspapers, official reports, and transcripts of trials. It is also known (especially in the ...
drama Theory

drama Theory  

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The main lines of Western dramatic theory were laid out in Aristotle's Poetics, which dates from the fourth century bc. The other great classical source for subsequent theorists was the ...
environmental theatre

environmental theatre  

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A term coined by Schechner in 1968 to refer to the non-frontal, spectator-incorporative theatre he was then creating with the Performance Group. The concept can be traced to the processional ...
epic theatre

epic theatre  

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Phrase taken from Aristotle, where it implies a series of incidents presented without regard to theatrical conventions, and used in the 1920s by such pioneers as Brecht and Piscator of ...
Ernst Busch

Ernst Busch  

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(1900–80)German actor. Busch joined Piscator at the Volksbühne in Berlin in 1927. Thoroughly committed to left-wing politics, he performed in important productions such as Toller's Hoppla, wir leben! ...
Ferdinand Bruckner

Ferdinand Bruckner  

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(1891–1958)Pseudonym of Theodor Tagger, German-Austrian dramatist and director. Bruckner founded the Renaissance Theater in Berlin in 1923 and managed it until 1928. During this time he wrote highly ...
Hansgünther Heyme

Hansgünther Heyme  

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(1935– )German director. Heyme became assistant to Piscator in Berlin and Mannheim in 1956. From 1958 to 1963 he was director-in-residence in Heidelberg where he directed among other works Toller's ...
Independent Theatre

Independent Theatre  

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Private society founded by Grein in London in 1891. Its name advertised imitation of Antoine's Théâtre Libre (1887) in Paris and Brahm's Freie Bühne (1889) in Berlin. Like Brahm, the ...
Joby Bernabé

Joby Bernabé  

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(1945– )Martinican actor, playwright, and director. Bernabé is the product of theatre experiments in France after the uprisings of May 1968: agitprop work influenced by Piscator, the Bread and Puppet ...
Judith Malina

Judith Malina  

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(1926– )American director, actor, playwright, and activist. Born in Germany, she trained with Piscator in New York. In 1947 she founded the Living Theatre with her husband Julian Beck, and ...
living newspaper

living newspaper  

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A species of documentary theatre pioneered by the Blue Blouses in the Soviet Union and by Piscator in Berlin in the 1920s, adapted in the 1930s by the Unity Theatre ...
Living Theatre

Living Theatre  

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An avant-garde drama company founded in New York in 1947 by Judith Malina (b. Kiel, Germany, 4 June 1926) and her husband Julian Beck (b. New York, 31 May 1925 ...

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