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Erwin Piscator

(1893—1966)

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Actors' Studio Free Theater at Raw Space

Actors' Studio Free Theater at Raw Space  

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In 1994 the Actors' Studio launched a new initiative with the New York New School for Social Research, a marvellous university that had been established by John Dewey and others ...
adaptation

adaptation  

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Subject:
Literature
The process of making a work of art upon the basis of elements provided by an earlier work in a different, usually literary, medium; also the secondary work thus produced. Literary works have been ...
agitprop

agitprop  

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Formed from the title of the Department of Agitation and Propaganda founded in 1920 in Soviet Russia, Agit-prop was intended to control the ideological thinking of the masses. Agit-prop trains toured ...
Albert Camus

Albert Camus  

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Literature
(1913–60),French novelist, dramatist and essayist, whose works defined and contributed to the philosophical concept of the ‘absurd’ (see Absurd, Theatre of The).
Aleksei Tolstoy

Aleksei Tolstoy  

(1882/3–1945), Russian novelist.He wrote The Golden Key, or The Adventures of Burattino (1935), the Russian version of Pinocchio, far more famous in Russia than the original. Instead of the ...
Alfons Paquet

Alfons Paquet  

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Literature
(Wiesbaden, 1881–1944, Frankfurt/Main),began in business and then turned to journalism. From 1903 to 1908 he was a student successively at the universities of Heidelberg, Munich, and Jena. He was ...
Armand Gatti

Armand Gatti  

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(1924– )French writer and director. Gatti at 17 was deported to a labour camp in Germany; the image of the concentration camp appears in several of his works. An ebullient ...
audience

audience  

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The role of the theatre audience has been both preserved and challenged in the twentieth century. The set of conventions for mainstream theatre, requiring a particular response to the on-stage ...
Berlin

Berlin  

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Berlin airlift an operation by British and American aircraft to airlift food and supplies to Berlin in 1948–9, while Russian forces blockaded the city to isolate it from the West and terminate the ...
Bernardo Santareno

Bernardo Santareno  

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(1957–81)Portuguese playwright, pseudonym of António Martinho do Rosário, a doctor and psychiatrist, whose work registers the upheavals of the Revolution of 1974. Led by the search for a national ...
Bertolt Brecht

Bertolt Brecht  

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Subject:
Literature
(1898–1956),German dramatist and poet who emigrated to the US during the Fascist period, then settled in 1949 in East Berlin. His early plays show kinship with Expressionism. Die Dreigroschenoper ...
Brechtian

Brechtian  

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An adjective which attests to the influence of the dramaturgy, practice, and theory of Bertolt Brecht in the twentieth century and beyond. The term has tended to be used in ...
dada

dada  

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An early 20th-century international movement in art, literature, music, and film, repudiating and mocking artistic and social conventions and emphasizing the illogical and absurd. Dada was launched ...
Die Räuber

Die Räuber  

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Subject:
Literature
A play in five acts by Schiller, written between 1777 and 1780, published in 1781, and first performed at Mannheim on 13 January 1782. Schiller called it a Schauspiel, though ...
documentary

documentary  

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Subject:
Literature
Either television, film, video, or radio programme dealing with factual material rather than fictional material, usually with some defined goal to create new insight or exposure to facts.
documentary drama and theatre

documentary drama and theatre  

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Plays written, compiled, or even improvised directly from ‘documentary’ sources became a feature of many theatre cultures during the twentieth century. Radio, film, and particularly television also ...
Documentary Theatre

Documentary Theatre  

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Theatre based, usually for propaganda purposes, on fact, as documented in material such as records, films, newspapers, official reports, and transcripts of trials. It is also known (especially in the ...
drama Theory

drama Theory  

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The main lines of Western dramatic theory were laid out in Aristotle's Poetics, which dates from the fourth century bc. The other great classical source for subsequent theorists was the ...
Ehm Welk

Ehm Welk  

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Subject:
Literature
(Biesenbrow, 1884–1966, Bad Doberan),a Socialist, was imprisoned by the National Socialist regime 1934–7 (concentration camp Oranienburg). After 1945 he was prominent in founding and directing ...
environmental theatre

environmental theatre  

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A term coined by Schechner in 1968 to refer to the non-frontal, spectator-incorporative theatre he was then creating with the Performance Group. The concept can be traced to the processional ...

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