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Pergamum

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Achaeus

Achaeus  

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(d. 213 bc),viceroy for Antiochus (3) III of Seleucid Asia Minor and his kinsman (maternal uncle), probably the grandson of the Seleucid official Achaeus the Elder. In 223/2 he ...
Anatolia

Anatolia  

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Archaeology
The Greek‐derived (from anatolē, ‘sunrise’) equivalent of Roman Asia Minor and modern Turkey, between the Aegean and the Euphrates.
ancient scholarship

ancient scholarship  

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GreekIn one sense of the term, scholarship began when literature became a central element of education and the prescribed texts had to be explained and interpreted to pupils in a class. An early ...
Andromache

Andromache  

In Greek mythology, the wife of Hector. She became the slave of Neoptolemus (son of Achilles) after the fall of Troy.
Angels of the Churches

Angels of the Churches  

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Religion
The angels of the seven Churches mentioned in Rev. 1–3.
Antigonus

Antigonus  

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Of Carystus (fl. c.240 bc), writer and bronzeworker, lived at Athens and (apparently) at Pergamum.WorksAn inferior anecdotal collection survives: (a) Ἱστοριω̑ν παραδόξων συναγωγή, collection of ...
Apollodorus

Apollodorus  

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Of Athens (c.180–after 120 bc), the last of a series of intellectual giants in Alexandria.His Chronicle was based on the researches of Eratosthenes, although it extended coverage beyond the death of ...
Apollonius of Perga

Apollonius of Perga  

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(c.262 bc–c.190 bc) Greek mathematicianApollonius moved from his birthplace Perga (now in Turkey) to study in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, possibly under pupils of Euclid. Later he taught in ...
aqueduct

aqueduct  

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[MC]An artificial conduit used to supply water to a city from a source some distance away.
Aristides, Publius Aelius

Aristides, Publius Aelius  

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(ad 117–after 181),sophist (see second sophistic) and man of letters. Born in Mysia, he studied in Athens and Pergamum. Aged 26, he suffered the first of a long series of illnesses, which ended his ...
artist

artist  

In the MA the artist, or better artifex (‘artificer’), was most frequently considered a practitioner of the mechanical arts. Inextricably linked to his manual activities, he was viewed as a ...
Asclepius

Asclepius  

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In Greek mythology, a hero and god of healing, son of Apollo, often represented bearing a staff with a serpent coiled round it. He sometimes bears a scroll or tablet, probably representing medical ...
Asia

Asia  

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History
The largest continent in the world, occupying a third of its land surface. Asia stretches from the Arctic to the Equator and from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Asia includes the Indian ...
Asia, Roman province

Asia, Roman province  

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Attalus III of Pergamum bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans. After his death in 133 bc it was constituted as provincia Asia. Originally it consisted of Mysia, Troas, Aeolis, Lydia, Ionia (see ...
astynomoi

astynomoi  

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(‘city magistrates’), an office found mostly in the Ionian states (see Ionians). In Athens there were five for the city and five for the Piraeus, appointed by lot for one ...
Athens

Athens  

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The capital of Greece, originally a flourishing city state of ancient Greece, which was an important cultural centre in the 5th century bc.Athens of America Boston.Athens of the North Edinburgh.
Attalid

Attalid  

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A member of a Hellenistic dynasty named after Attalus I (reigned 241–197 bc), which flourished in the 3rd and 2nd centuries bc. The Attalid kings established their capital, Pergamum, as a leading ...
Attalus I

Attalus I  

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(269–197bc), ruler of Pergamum (241–197), the first Pergamene to use the royal title. Cousin and adopted son of Eumenes I, Attalus expanded and consolidated his kingdom through active self-defence ...
Attalus II

Attalus II  

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(220–138bc), king of Pergamum (158–138), second son of Attalus I, called ‘Philadelphus’ (‘Brother-loving’). Attalus served under his brother Eumenes II as loyal general against Antiochus III the ...
Bithynia

Bithynia  

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A territory in NW Asia Minor. Although much of the land is mountainous and covered with forest, the river Sangarius with its tributaries and the valleys that run back from the Propontis form fertile ...

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