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Parthia

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Edessa

Edessa  

Hellenistic capital; cradle of Syriac Christianity, it rose to be Syria’s most important see before seizure by the Arabs c.640. Captured by the Byzantines in 944, it became the centre ...
Nisibis

Nisibis  

A city in NE Mesopotamia. After the end of the Assyrian empire it disappeared from history until the Hellenistic age when it was temporarily known as Antioch Mygdonia. It reverted ...
Parthia

Parthia   Reference library

Josef Wiesehöfer

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
667 words
The people whom Greeks and Romans called Parthians were originally Parni, members of the semi-nomad Dahae confederacy north of Hyrcania. Their Greek name is derived from the Achaemenian ... More
Parthian Empire

Parthian Empire   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

Around 250 bce the Seleucid dynasty, which ruled Iran, Mesopotamia, and Syria, was disturbed by internal struggles. Then a nomadic

Parthians

Parthians   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
1,020 words

Parthava, which lies southeast of the Caspian Sea, was part of the Achaemenid Empire. It is recorded in royal inscriptions,

Parthians

Parthians   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
112 words

[CP]

A semi‐nomadic steppe people who established themselves in northern Iran about 250 bc under Arsaces. Between 160 and 140 ...

Persia

Persia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A former country of SW Asia, now called Iran. The ancient kingdom of Persia, corresponding to the modern district of Fars in SW Iran, became in the 6th century bc the domain of the Achaemenid ...
Sasanids

Sasanids  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Kings of Iran ad 224–651. The dynasty, very often labelled heirs to the Achaemenids, actually owed much more to the Parthians (see parthia). Their empire at its greatest extent stretched from Syria ...
Seleucids

Seleucids  

A member of a dynasty ruling over Syria and a great part of western Asia from 311 to 65 bc. Its capital was at Antioch. The name comes from Seleucus Nicator (the founder, one of Alexander the Great's ...

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