Overview

neurotransmitter

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adenosine

adenosine  

A nucleoside comprising one adenine molecule linked to a d-ribose sugar molecule. The phosphate-ester derivatives of adenosine, AMP, ADP, and ATP, are of fundamental biological importance as carriers ...
aspartic acid

aspartic acid  

A non-essential amino acid that is a component molecule of proteins and that functions as a neurotransmitter. Also called aspartate. See also aspartame. Asp abbrev. [From aspar(agus), in which it is ...
axonal transport

axonal transport  

The movement of chemical substances such as neurotransmitters and sometimes small objects such as organelles along the axon of a neuron, either away from the cell body (anterograde axonal transport) ...
chemical transmitter

chemical transmitter  

(sometimes) an alternative term for neurotransmitter.
cotransmitter

cotransmitter  

A substance that is released from a nerve ending along with a primary neurotransmitter in order to modify the action of the latter. For example, vasoactive intestinal peptide (see VIP) functions as a ...
enkephalin

enkephalin  

Pentapeptides with opiate-like activity (compare with endorphins), first isolated in 1975 from pig brain. Met-enkephalin has the amino acid sequence Tyr-Gly-Gly-Phe-Met; Leu-enkephalin has the ...
glutamic acid

glutamic acid  

(Glu, E)An α-amino acid (147 Da) that is commonly found in proteins and is important in amino acid metabolism, being a precursor of glutamine, proline, and arginine. Glutamate is an excitatory ...
neurocrine

neurocrine  

1 describing or relating to a neuron that secretes an agonist into a synapse with another neuron; describing or relating to such an agonist.2 such an agonist, e.g. a neurotransmitter.[...]
neuromodulator

neuromodulator  

A chemical substance that amplifies or dampens the activities of neurons but is not a neurotransmitter. See also neuromodulation. [From Greek neuron a nerve + English modulator, from Latin modulari, ...
synaptic vesicle

synaptic vesicle  

A tiny sac in a synaptic bouton containing a neurotransmitter substance. When a nerve impulse arrives, it releases a small amount of the neurotransmitter across the synapse (1).

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