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Asia–Australia (history)

Asia–Australia (history)  

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European Australians focused on their Asia–Pacific context from the time of first settlement, but the framework within which they dealt with the region changed substantially from one era to another ...
authoritarianism

authoritarianism  

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A style of government in which the rulers demand unquestioning obedience from the ruled. Traditionally, ‘authoritarians’ have argued for a high degree of determination by governments of belief and ...
Ba'athism

Ba'athism  

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Refers to the political philosophy of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (hizb al‐ba'ath al‐arabi al‐ishtiraki). This party is the result of the 1952 merger of two parties—the Arab Ba'ath Party founded ...
Britain–Australia

Britain–Australia  

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Beyond the well-worn caricatures that depict an impatient youth pulling relentlessly at mother's apron-strings, the Australia–Britain relationship is a study in the complex interplay between ...
Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism  

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The concept of bureaucratic authoritarianism arose from the study of major episodes of authoritarian rule in South America between the 1960s and the 1980s: Brazil from 1964 to 1985, Argentina ...
English-Speaking Caribbean

English-Speaking Caribbean  

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The English-speaking Caribbean (sometimes known as the “Commonwealth Caribbean”) includes twelve independent countries and six dependent territories. The former are Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, ...
extreme-right parties

extreme-right parties  

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Contemporary extreme‐right, or radical‐right, parties in Western Europe are variously characterized as populist, nationalist, fascist, anti‐system, anti‐party, anti‐Eu and/or anti‐immigrant. While ...
internal colonialism

internal colonialism  

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Application of the theory of imperialism developed by Lenin to centre–periphery relationships within a country. The Leninist theory of imperialism argued that an imperialist country exported the ...
Kemalism

Kemalism  

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Principles of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (d. 1938), founder and first president of the Turkish republic. Constitutes the official state ideology and went publicly unchallenged until the 1980s. Its major ...
Nineteen Eighty-Nine

Nineteen Eighty-Nine  

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As the year began in January 1989, the general consensus in the West was that communism would maintain its hold over Eastern and Central Europe and the Soviet Union well ...
pan-Arabism

pan-Arabism  

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The idea that the Arabs are a distinct people with a common language, history, and culture. Pan‐Arabism emerged in the former Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire. When the shock of the disappearance ...
Peronism

Peronism  

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An ill‐defined Argentinian political ideology, also known as justicialismo, which espouses Juan Perón's policies of social justice, economic nationalism, and international non‐alignment. It remained ...
political culture

political culture  

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The attitudes, beliefs, and values which underpin the operation of a particular political system. These were seen as including knowledge and skills about the operation of the political system, ...
post-materialism

post-materialism  

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Concept due to the survey research of R. Inglehart in the 1970s, who argued that his results showed that younger and more affluent people in Western democracies were moving away from material ...
Prague Spring

Prague Spring  

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The period of Czechoslovakian politics following Alexander Dubcek's arrival as Party leader in January 1968, and ending with the Soviet invasion in August, during which reformist elements within the ...
Psychology and Politics

Psychology and Politics  

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Politics deals with relations among people; therefore it is inevitably linked with psychology, which deals with human thinking and behavior. Political analysts throughout the ages and across ...
Religion and Politics

Religion and Politics  

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There can be no precise and agreed definition of religion. The origin of the word is of little help, for it descends from the Latin religiare, to bind, which suggests the broadest possible boundaries ...
Victorian premiers

Victorian premiers  

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In the century and a half since Victoria was granted responsible government, forty‐four premiers have presided over the colony and state. In 1999 Premier Kennett decided to honour the state's ...

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