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age of Equipoise

age of Equipoise  

This term is used to signify a generation of political and social calm in mid‐Victorian Britain. In his book The Age of Equipoise (1964), W. L. Burns identified the period ...
Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home

Alec Douglas-Home, Lord Home  

(1903–95).Prime minister. Douglas‐Home succeeded to the earldom in 1951 but relinquished it in 1963 to re‐enter the Commons as prime minister, in succession to Harold Macmillan. In 1974 he returned ...
Biological Sciences.

Biological Sciences.  

The biological sciences encompass a wide range of objects and problems—from cells to whales, from eating to evolution. The degree to which these studies have been perceived as a cohesive ...
Catholic Church

Catholic Church  

Is the denomination of Western Christianity in communion with the Pope that traces its faith in Jesus Christ to the community formed around the apostles. Since the European Reformation of ...
central Europe

central Europe  

Cannot be sharply delimited on a map. Although it is situated on the east-west axis of the continent—the adjective “central” here signifies an in-between (as in Central America) rather than ...
Charitable Bequests Act

Charitable Bequests Act  

(1844).Like the increased Maynooth Grant, this was part of the programme of reforms by which Peel's government hoped to detach moderate Catholics from repeal. It sought to facilitate legacies ...
Daniel Mannix

Daniel Mannix  

(1864–1963),Catholic ecclesiastic. Born in Co. Cork, he taught at Maynooth and became president there in 1903, before being appointed coadjutor archbishop of Melbourne in 1912 and archbishop in 1917. ...
Ethnic history

Ethnic history  

Derived from studies of immigrant groups in the University of Chicago in the 1920s. Such ethnic studies had little relevance outside North America until the arrival of large numbers of ...
federation

federation  

Was the greatest political achievement in Australian history, bringing together six self-governing colonies that were under no compulsion to unite. Few people in the nation so created know or honour ...
Gaelic literature

Gaelic literature  

The monasteries of the Celtic church (see church institutions: 1) had a major role to play in the production of Gaelic literature until they went into decline in the 12th ...
Imperial history

Imperial history  

Refers directly to the history of the British Empire, especially as it affected Australia, and more generally to the imposition of European political, economic, and cultural forms on the rest ...
Lachlan Macquarie

Lachlan Macquarie  

(1762–1824)Scottish-born Australian colonial administrator. He served as governor of New South Wales (1809–21); the colony was chiefly populated by convicts, but during his term of office he improved ...
Local Government Act

Local Government Act  

(1898),one of a number of reforming measures introduced by Gerald Balfour when chief secretary (see constructive unionism). The act swept away the existing system of county government whereby grand ...
Local Government Board

Local Government Board  

Created in 1872 to replace the Irish Poor Law Commission. The board, which was made up of the chief secretary, the under‐secretary, a vice‐president, and two commissioners, took over responsibility ...
miscegenation

miscegenation  

Literally ‘mixing of races’, a racist term denoting sexual relations between different races, especially White and Black. Miscegenation was promoted in some systems—for example Portuguese colonialism ...
national identity

national identity  

The public image of an imagined community (Weber called it a ‘community of sentiment’), projecting an illusion of unity reflected symbolically in a flag, a national anthem, and distinctive rituals, ...
National songs

National songs  

Giving musical expression to patriotic sentiment, have taken various forms, including folksongs, songs composed to mark momentous occasions, and popular songs disseminated through print, sound ...
nationalist literary societies

nationalist literary societies  

Irish nationalism, like other revolutionary movements, drew heavily on those who no longer fitted into the social categories of the old regime and felt themselves excluded by the existing system ...
Patrick Francis Moran

Patrick Francis Moran  

(1830–1911),born Ireland and educated at the Irish College in Rome, was ordained in 1853, established a distinguished reputation as academic and ecclesiastic and became archbishop of Sydney in 1884 ...
Red Clydeside

Red Clydeside  

The term ‘Red Clydeside’ is more than a generally accepted description of some important events; it is a concept over which commentators on 20th‐century Scotland still divide, on politically ...

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