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action theory

action theory  

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A major orientation within sociology and related disciplines that privileges the analysis of the intentional behavior of individuals, or action. Action, in this narrow sense, is behavior that takes ...
E. E. Evans-Pritchard

E. E. Evans-Pritchard  

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(1902–73)A leading British social anthropologist who undertook ethnographic studies of a number of African societies. He viewed social anthropology as a humanistic rather than a scientific study of ...
ethnomethodology

ethnomethodology  

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The study of common social knowledge, in particular as it concerns the understanding of others and the varieties of circumstance in which it can take place.
historical sociology

historical sociology  

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The term commonly applied to sociological analysis based on historical data sources—either primary (such as original documents in archives) or secondary (the written history produced by historians ...
macrosociology

macrosociology  

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(sociology)A level of analysis concerned with social structures (institutions or whole societies), or with historical or global processes. Approaches from the perspective of functionalism and Marxist ...
qualitative research

qualitative research  

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Gathers information that might aim to understand the reasons why a behaviour occurs. Qualitative research uses methods such as observation, in-depth interviewing, and focus groups. Compare ...
qualitative versus quantitative debate

qualitative versus quantitative debate  

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A methodological issue in sociology with arguments for and against a distinction between qualitative and quantitative studies. The debate arises from the distinction drawn between sociologies arising ...
social contract

social contract  

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A term dating to the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588–1679) and made explicit by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712–1778) that describes the desirable and usually mutually accepted forms of ...
social demography

social demography  

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A field of study concerned with the analysis of how social and cultural factors are related to population characteristics. Its major focus is the impact of social and cultural factors on demographic ...
symbolic interactionism

symbolic interactionism  

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[Th]A theoretical approach in sociology developed by George Herbert Mead, which places strong emphasis on the role of symbols and language as core elements of all human interaction.

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