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chemistry

chemistry  

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Overview Page
The study of the elements and the compounds they form. Chemistry is mainly concerned with effects that depend on the outer electrons in atoms. See biochemistry; geochemistry; inorganic chemistry; ...
constructivism

constructivism  

Many cognitive psychologists now believe that humans learn most effectively where new information can be assimilated with previously held knowledge. This philosophy of learning is known as ...
etymological fallacy

etymological fallacy  

The belief that an earlier or the earliest meaning of a word is necessarily the right one. That it is fallacious is illustrated by the fact that orchard once meant a treeless garden, treacle a wild ...
holism

holism  

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Overview Page
The view that the whole is more than its parts. In earlier geographies, the region has been seen as having a distinct identity which does not come entirely from its separate parts. See Antrop (1998) ...
information processing

information processing  

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Overview Page
1. (computing) Performing operations on input data in a sequence of functional steps, transforming it into different output data in accordance with a specific goal.2. (cognitive psychology) A model ...
information theory

information theory  

The area of mathematics concerned with the transmission and processing of information, especially concerned with methods of coding, decoding, storage and retrieval and evaluating likelihoods of ...
intentionality

intentionality  

1 According to the German psychologist and philosopher Franz Brentano (1838–1917), the property of mental experiences whereby they refer to objects or entities outside themselves: it is impossible to ...
latent meaning

latent meaning  

In psychoanalytic theory, the hidden, underlying meanings which can be revealed through the interpretation of the manifest content of dreams.
meaning

meaning   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
3,841 words

The concept of meaning is every bit as problematic as the concept of mind, and for related reasons. For it

personal construct theory

personal construct theory  

This suggests that humans are continually constructing and testing their own, individual images of reality, and that investigations should be based on the personal constructs of the people involved, ...
proposition

proposition  

1 The meaning conveyed by a declarative sentence, a declarative sentence being one that asserts or denies something, or in other words one that is capable of being true or false. The proposition is ...
relational model

relational model  

1. (transactional models, transactive models, transactional communication) A nonlinear framing of communication as a process geared to mutual understanding and influence in the context of the ...
René B. Thom

René B. Thom  

(1923–2002)French mathematician, awarded the Fields Medal in 1958 for work in topology, but best known for his development of the mathematics in catastrophe theory, where continuous or incremental ...

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