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ambiguity

ambiguity  

Having more than one meaning. The simplest case is lexical ambiguity, where a single term has two meanings. A sentence or grammatically complex construction can be ambiguous without any of the words ...
aporia

aporia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A serious perplexity or insoluble problem. The Socratic method of raising problems without providing solutions is sometimes called the aporetic method. Deconstruction is often credited with ...
authorial intention

authorial intention  

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Overview Page
A position that argues that the creator of a text possesses a privileged understanding of its meaning and that consequently any interpretation that contradicts this understanding must defer to the ...
communication

communication  

The result of any action (physical, written, or verbal) that conveys meanings between two individuals. In the context of marketing, the marketer wants the communication, in the form of a promotional ...
Cyril Edwin Mitchinson Joad

Cyril Edwin Mitchinson Joad  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1891–1953) British philosopherEssays in Common Sense Philosophy (1919) Non-FictionCommon-Sense Ethics (1921) Non-FictionIntroduction to Modern Philosophy (1924) Non-FictionThrasymachus; or, The ...
deixis

deixis  

A term used in linguistics to denote those aspects of an utterance that refer to and depend upon the situation in which the utterance is made. Deictic words indicate the situational ‘co-ordinates’ of ...
determinism

determinism  

The doctrine that every event has a cause. The usual explanation of this is that for every event, there is some antecedent state, related in such a way that it would break a law of nature for this ...
différance

différance  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Term introduced by Derrida, combining the French for ‘difference’ and ‘deferral’. It is used to suggest both the Saussurean emphasis on meaning as the function of differences or contrasts within a ...
empathy

empathy  

n. the ability to imagine and understand the thoughts, perspective, and emotions of another person. In counselling and psychotherapy empathy is often considered to be one of the necessary qualities ...
essentialism

essentialism  

[Th]The idea that there are certain attitudes or emotions that are biologically inherent to human beings in general or to males or females differently. Essentialist claims are often backed up with ...
ethnography

ethnography  

The scientific study of customs, habits, and behavior of specified groups of people, usually applied to tribes or clans of people in nonliterate societies.
Giambattista Vico

Giambattista Vico  

(1668–1744)Italian philosopher of history. Vico was born in Naples, and educated by the Jesuits. From 1699 he held the chair of rhetoric at the university of Naples. Vico's principal work was the ...
horizon of expectations

horizon of expectations  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The shared ‘mental set’ or framework within which those of a particular generation in a culture understand, interpret, and evaluate a text or an artwork. This includes textual knowledge of ...
I. A. Richards

I. A. Richards  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1893–1979),critic and poet, became a fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge, in 1929, then in 1931 moved to Harvard, where he devoted many years to the study of linguistics and education. He was the ...
indeterminacy

indeterminacy  

Unpredictability in outcome, because a very large number of interrelated factors are involved and/or because understanding of the particular system is still quite limited.
intentional fallacy

intentional fallacy  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A phrase coined by the American New Critics W. K. Wimsatt Jr and Monroe C. Beardsley in an essay of 1946 to describe the common assumption that an author's declared or assumed intention in writing a ...
interpretation

interpretation  

[Th]The stage in research at which the results of archaeological analyses are synthesized and there is an attempt to explain their meaning or consolidate a knowledgeable understanding of the results. ...
intertextuality

intertextuality  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The sum of relationships between and among writings. This modern critical term usually covers the range of ways in which one ‘text’ may respond to, allude to, derive from, mimic, or adapt another. ...
Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Maurice Merleau-Ponty  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1908–1961)French philosopher and phenomenologist.Educated at the École Normale Supérieure, Merleau-Ponty graduated in 1931. Before World War II, in which he served in the army, Merleau-Ponty taught ...
metaphor

metaphor  

A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. Recorded from the late 15th century, the word comes via French and Latin from ...

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