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Albert II of Magdeburg

Albert II of Magdeburg  

(1170–1232)(archbishop) Educated at Magdeburg, Albert then studied in Paris and Bologna before returning to the city as prior, being elected archbishop in 1205. Albert was active in Hohenstaufen ...
art and architecture: Ottonian

art and architecture: Ottonian  

As befits a term derived from the political sphere, Ottonian art and architecture refers to those buildings and works of art produced in the Germanic lands (and surrounding areas) that ...
Brandenburg

Brandenburg  

(town and bishopric) (founded 948, renewed 1161). Initially a Slavic settlement, Brandenburg was conquered by Albrecht ‘the Bear’ in 1157. At that time Brandenburg consisted of several settlements ...
échevin

échevin  

Deliberating member of a town council. Heirs of the scabini of the Carolingian period, charged with expounding the law to the count's court, in the 12th c. the échevins became ...
families of town laws

families of town laws  

Legal conditions (rarely, a written law [Stadtrecht]) of some German towns became the source for laws of numerous other towns (founded later and usually smaller). In the Rhineland the laws ...
fur

fur  

Furs are animal skins, lined with their hair and usable as clothing; they are distinct from skins of leather, feathers, Parchment or wool (except light skins with very fine lambswool ...
Germany

Germany  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Politically powerful in Europe, Germany also has a large and successful economy, though it is becoming less competitiveGermany has three main geographical regions. From the North Sea and Baltic ...
Hanseatic League

Hanseatic League  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An association of north German cities (Hanse Towns), formed in 1241 as a trading alliance. Cologne, which had enjoyed special trading privileges with England, was joined by other traders following an ...
Helfta

Helfta  

The celebrated monastery Beatae Mariae Virginis (of the Blessed Virgin Mary) at Helfta (active from 1229 to 1545), erected by Count Burchard of Mansfeld near the castle of the Mansfelds ...
Jan Busch

Jan Busch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1399–c.1480), one of the principal Brethren of the Common Life. He took a prominent part in reforming monasteries in the spirit of the Council of Basle and for a time worked in co-operation with ...
jus theutonicum

jus theutonicum  

General term for special rights of settlers (not necessarily ‘Germans’) in previously less densely settled lands of east-central Europe. In the course of internal colonization (amelioratio terrae), ...
Kaunas

Kaunas  

Is located at the confluence of the rivers Nemunas and Neris c.100 km northwest of Vilnius. From the mid 13th century, the settlement became a stronghold against the Teutonic Knights. ...
Lviv

Lviv  

Town in Galicia (Galician Rus’ in the MA; presently western Ukraine). Founded by Prince Daniel of Halych (d. 1264) in the mid 13th century as a stronghold, it developed into ...
Magdeburg

Magdeburg   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
63 words

(archbishopric) Established by Otto I as a sign of Ottonian expansion into eastern territories, Magdeburg became an archbishopric in 968

Magdeburg

Magdeburg   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
450 words

A town and bishopric situated on the Elbe. The town, mentioned in documents from the early 9th c., was situated

Magdeburg

Magdeburg   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
739 words

In 1524 an evangelical constitution for the churches of Magdeburg, a north German archiepiscopal city on the river Elbe, was

Mechthild of Magdeburg

Mechthild of Magdeburg  

(c.1207–c.1282), author of a book of mystical revelations. Of noble Saxon family, she became a Beguine at Magdeburg. The various books of her visions, entitled Das fliessende Licht der Gottheit (‘The ...
Meißen

Meißen  

(town, bishopric) Meißen was founded as a German fortification by Henry the Fowler in 929 to secure the eastern border. It became a margravate in 965 when the east march ...
Novgorod Magdeburg Doors

Novgorod Magdeburg Doors  

(1153–4)Romanesque bronze doors of Novgorod’s St Sophia cathedral. Made in Magdeburg, they feature 26 panels with reliefs of Old and New Testament events, virtues and vices, and Frederick I ...
Otto I

Otto I  

(912–73)King of the Germans (936–73), Holy Roman emperor (962–73). As king of the Germans he carried out a policy of eastward expansion from his Saxon homeland and defeated the invading Hungarians in ...

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