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Raymond Loewy

(1893—1986)

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airbrush

airbrush  

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Overview Page
The airbrush is a tool, powered by compressed air, which can spray ink or paint in a highly controlled manner and, before the advent of digital technology, was widely used by artists and designers to ...
Art Deco

Art Deco  

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The predominant decorative art style of the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by precise and boldly delineated geometric shapes and strong colours.
Bakelite

Bakelite  

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(1907– )Bakelite, the trade name for phenol‐formaldehyde or phenolic resins, was the first totally synthetic plastic and was patented by Dr Leo Baekeland in 1907. In order to put his invention into ...
Christopher Dresser

Christopher Dresser  

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Overview Page
(b Glasgow, 4 July 1834; d Mulhouse, Alsace, 24 Nov 1904). Scottish designer, Botanist and writer. He trained at the Government School of Design, Somerset House, London (1847–54), and in ...
Citroën

Citroën  

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(established 1919)André Citroën founded this world‐famous automobile manufacturing company in Paris. His entrepreneurial background had included the manufacture of gears and artillery ammunition in ...
Design Consultancies

Design Consultancies  

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These emerged as increasingly significant in the 1920s and 1930s when many major manufacturing clients, especially in the United States, sought to make their products more attractive in the ...
Electrolux

Electrolux  

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(established 1921)The origins of the largest manufacturer of domestic appliances in the world date from 1919 with the merger of Lux and Elektromekanista in Sweden. Important early company products ...
George W. Walker

George W. Walker  

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Overview Page
(1896–1993)The status of this leading American car designer at the Ford Motor Corporation after the Second World War was confirmed by his appearance on the cover of Time magazine in 1957, like the ...
Gordon Buehrig

Gordon Buehrig  

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(1904–90)Buehrig was one of the leading stylists in the American automobile industry, particularly noted for his classic designs for Auburn, Cord, and Duesenberg of the interwar years. His 1936 Cord ...
Harley Earl

Harley Earl  

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(1893–1969)Harley Earl is closely linked with the idea of the annual model change of automobiles, induced by extravagantly new styling features, colour schemes, and accessories. Conscious of the ...
industrial design

industrial design  

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Overview Page
The term was first used in the United States in the 1920s to describe the work of specialist designers working in product design. It now more generally refers to improving the aesthetics of ...
Ingo Maurer

Ingo Maurer  

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Overview Page
(1932– )Widely known for his experimental and highly individual lighting designs Maurer's innovations were influenced by avant‐garde practices in the fine arts, from Pop to conceptual art. His work ...
Jacques Vienot

Jacques Vienot  

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(1893–1959)The highly influential French industrial designer and theorist Jacques Vienot established the company Décore Installe Meuble (DIM) in 1929 and, in the following year founded Porza, an ...
Loewy, Raymond

Loewy, Raymond (5 Nov 1893)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of American Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
423 words

(b Paris, 5 Nov 1893; d Monaco, 14 July 1986),

industrial designer of French birth.

Moulinex

Moulinex  

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(established 1932)This leading French domestic appliance company was founded as the Moulin‐Légumes Company by Jean Mantelet in 1932, the year in which he designed his first manual ‘moulin à légumes’ ...
New York World's Fair

New York World's Fair  

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(NYWF)(1939–40)In many ways this major international exhibition typified the global economic, commercial, and corporate power and influence wielded by the United States of America by the time of the ...
Paul Frankl

Paul Frankl  

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(b Prague, 1879; d Princeton, NJ, 30 Jan 1962),art historian. Frankl first trained as an architect, but in his early thirties he turned to the study of art history ...
Peter Behrens

Peter Behrens  

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(1868–1940)German architect and designer, whose factories were among the first to be treated as architecture. A prolific self-taught architect, he was also an influential teacher.Born in Hamburg, ...
R. Buckminster Fuller

R. Buckminster Fuller  

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(1895–1983)US architect, engineer, and inventor of the geodesic dome.Born in Milton, Massachusetts, Fuller had a limited formal education, although it did include two years at Harvard. His early ...
Rosenthal Porzellan

Rosenthal Porzellan  

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(established 1879)Philipp Rosenthal founded this highly successful German porcelain manufacturing company at Erkersreuth in 1879. In its early years the business thrived on decorating blanks bought ...

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