Overview

letters

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 40 entries  for:

clear all

View:

abbreviator

abbreviator  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A former official of the Roman chancery, whose principal duty was the preparation of letters and writs for the collation of Church dignities. He was so named from the excessive abbreviations employed ...
acolyte

acolyte  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The first in rank of the two Lesser Ministries in the RC Church. Until 1972 acolytes formed one of the four Minor Orders. First mentioned c.251, they were specially dedicated to the service of the ...
Adoptianism

Adoptianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
1 The heresy, originating in Spain in the 8th cent., according to which Christ, in His humanity, is not the true, but only the adopted, Son of God. Elipandus, Abp. of Toledo, arguing against ...
Arabic

Arabic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Arabic texts, mostly on papyrus but five on paper, have been discovered at two sites in the Judean desert. Over a hundred texts and fragments were discovered at Khirbet Mird ...
Benedict XII

Benedict XII  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1342), Pope from 1334. Jacques Fournier was the third of the Avignon Popes. A Cistercian monk and abbot, as Pope he inaugurated several ecclesiastical reforms. He fought the rapacity of the ...
Braulio of Saragossa

Braulio of Saragossa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 650),bishop. He is one of the most famous of early Spanish saints, both as pastor and writer. He was born of a noble Hispano-Roman family, his father Gregory being bishop of Osma, while his two ...
church

church  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The word denotes both a church building and the Christian community, local or universal. The origins of the Church as a sect within 1st-cent. Judaism lie in the Lord's choice of twelve disciples ...
controversies

controversies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
There have been numerous controversies in the history of Judaism. In the Middle Ages for example, the Jewish world, after the death of Maimonides in the early thirteenth century, was divided over the ...
Druze

Druze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A member of a political and religious sect of Islamic origin, living chiefly in Lebanon and Syria. The Druze broke away from the Ismaili Muslims in the 11th century; they are regarded as heretical by ...
Egbert

Egbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 766), Abp. of York. He became Bp. of York c.732, and, on the advice of Bede, applied for the pallium in 735. He founded the cathedral school and carried out many reforms. His name is associated ...
Elephantine Texts

Elephantine Texts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Aramaic papyri from Elephantine Island were acquired on the antiquities market by Charles Edwin Wilbour in Aswan in 1893 and are now housed in Brooklyn. Ostraca and papyri excavated on ...
excommunication

excommunication  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The exclusion of a person from the communion of the Church, imposed by an ecclesiastical court for offences ranging from non‐attendance at church to heresy. Christian burial was denied to ...
Faustus of Riez

Faustus of Riez  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Bishop (c.400–90).Probably of Breton origin, he became a monk in the island monastery of Lérins and after about eight years succeeded Maximus as abbot. Conspicuous both as a meticulous observer of ...
Florus

Florus  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.860), deacon of Lyons and a canon of the cathedral church. When Amalarius tried to make changes in the liturgy, Florus attacked him in a number of works, including the Expositio Missae. In the ...
Fulbert of Chartres

Fulbert of Chartres  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.960–1028) Bishop of Chartres, 1006–28.Fulbert first made his mark as a teacher; his students included Berengar of Tours. As bishop he was influential in both ecclesiastical and secular ...
genre

genre  

A grouping of texts related within the system of literature by their sharing features of form and content. Ancient theoretical discussions of specific literary genres operate according to criteria ...
Hildebert of Lavardin

Hildebert of Lavardin  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1056–1133), poet and canonist. Elected Bp. of Le Mans in 1096, he continued the building of his cathedral (consecrated in 1120), expelled Henry of Lausanne from his diocese, and probably took part ...
Hildegard of Bingen

Hildegard of Bingen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(b Bemersheim, 1098; d Rupertsberg, 1179).Ger. abbess, mystic, and writer. Took veil at 15. Became superior at Benedictine monastery of Disibodenberg 1136. c.1147 founded monastery on the ...
Hugh of St-Victor

Hugh of St-Victor  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 1142), theologian. Little is known of his life except that c.1115 he entered St-Victor, a house of Augustinian Canons in Paris (see Victorines). He wrote on grammar, geometry, and philosophy; the ...
Isaac of Stella

Isaac of Stella  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.1100–c.1178), Cistercian monk. Of English origin, by 1147 he was abbot of Stella (NE of Poitiers). Probably in 1167 he left Stella to set up a monastery on the Île de Ré, off the French coast near ...

View: