Overview

Lateran Councils

Return to overview »

You are looking at 1-20 of 72 entries  for:

  • Type: Overview Page x
  • Early history (500 CE to 1500) x
clear all

View:

Albert Behaim

Albert Behaim  

(c.1180–c.1260) German cleric, born and educated near Niederaltaich, Bavaria;*canon in Passau from 1212; went to Rome for the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215, remaining there in a diplomatic post. ...
Alexander II, Pope

Alexander II, Pope  

(c.1010/1015–1073)Anselmo da Baggio, the son of a leading Milanese family, was educated from his youth at Milan cathedral. In 1056, thanks to the support of the Emperor Henry III ...
Alexander III

Alexander III  

(d. 1181), Pope from 1159. After his election, an antipope (Victor IV) was immediately set up and supported by the Emp. Frederick I. During the 17-year schism, Alexander lived mainly in France. Here ...
badge, Jewish

badge, Jewish  

Concern to segregate Christendom’s Jewish minority intensified over the MA. The most demeaning technique was to require distinguishing external garb to identify Jews as ‘different’. Such a demand was ...
Barsumas

Barsumas  

(d. c.457),archimandrite and saint of the Syrian Orthodox Church. He was invited by the Emp. Theodosius II (d. 450) to defend Eutyches at the Second Council of Ephesus (Latrocinium ...
canon law

canon law  

The body of rules or laws developing gradually, imposed by church authority in matters of its own organization and discipline (extending also to matters of belief).
collections, canonical

collections, canonical  

Ecclesiastical legislative texts organized chronologically or systematically. They could include genuine or apocryphal, authentic (officially promulgated) or private, and general or particular ...
Conflicts of Jurisdiction

Conflicts of Jurisdiction  

Conflicts could arise betwen secular jurisdictions of a different order or competence. They were also encountered in ecclesiastical society by reason of the parties in dispute or the nature of ...
continence

continence  

In the broad sense, the object of continence is temperance in the sphere of the search for nourishment and the desires of the flesh. Its seat is in the will ...
council

council  

A formal meeting of bishops and representatives of several Churches convened for the purpose of regulating doctrine or discipline. General or Oecumenical Councils are assemblies of bishops ...
Councils of Lyon

Councils of Lyon  

Ecumenical councils, convoked in 1245 by Pope Innocent IV and in 1274 by Gregory X. Their main decisions concerned crusade, especially the taxation of the clergy to help the Latin ...
Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite

Dionysius the Pseudo-Areopagite  

(c.500), mystical theologian. The name given to the author of a body of theological writings to which the supporters of Severus, Patr. of Antioch, appealed in 533, attributing them to Dionysius (1) ...
Easter

Easter  

The most important and oldest festival of the Christian Church, celebrating the resurrection of Christ and held (in the Western Church) between 21 March and 25 April, on the first Sunday after the ...
Election

Election  

Election, from the Latin term eligere, “to choose”, was the procedure of designating the titular of certain major ecclesiastical posts or Benefices.Electio, in the medieval Church, was distinguished ...
English Parliament

English Parliament  

The word parliamentum is found from the 1240s onwards as a technical term in official records of the exchequer, chancery and law courts. There is however a difference of opinion ...
Exposition of Relics

Exposition of Relics  

The exposition of relics was practised from the beginning of the cult of the saints; it happened in exceptional circumstances (inventions and translations). From the 9th c., ordinary expositions ...
Franciscans

Franciscans  

Christian religious orders derived from St Francis and St Clare of Assisi. Basic to them is the initial determination of Francis that they should be brothers and sisters ‘living according to the form ...
Host

Host  

The bread (often the Host) consecrated in the Eucharist.A host (in a monstrance) is the emblem of St Clare of Assisi.Recorded from Middle English, the word comes via Old French from Latin hostia ...
Inquisition

Inquisition  

An ecclesiastical tribunal established by Pope Gregory IX c.1232 for the suppression of heresy, at a time when certain heretical groups were regarded by the Church as enemies of society. It was ...
Investiture Controversy

Investiture Controversy  

(dispute about the right of laity to make certain Church appointments): see GREGORY VII.

View: