Overview

Martin Luther King

(1929—1968) American Baptist minister and civil rights leader

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A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
Alabama

Alabama  

Alabama became a new immigrant destination at the end of the twentieth century. Latino immigrants and migrants, primarily from Mexico and Central America, have brought dramatic demographic, economic, ...
Albany Movement

Albany Movement  

The Albany Movement began in Georgia in the fall of 1961 and ended in the summer of 1962. It was considered one of the first mass movements in the twentieth-century ...
Atlanta

Atlanta  

The state capital of Georgia, which during the Civil War was a Confederate stronghold. Its loss in 1864 to the Union forces under Sherman after a long siege was a turning point in the Civil War.
Baptists and African Americans

Baptists and African Americans  

No faith has been more closely associated with the African American community historically than the Baptist Church. In the colonial period sectarian Baptists were some of the first Christians to ...
Bayard Rustin

Bayard Rustin  

(b. 17 March 1912; d. 24 August 1987),civil rights organizer. Born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, to Florence Rustin and Archie Hopkins, Bayard Taylor Rustin was one of the most ...
Benjamin E. Mays

Benjamin E. Mays  

(1894–1984)Benjamin Elijah Mays was born on 1 August 1894 (or possibly 1895) near Rambo (now Epworth), South Carolina. He received his BA with honors from Bates College in Maine ...
Birmingham Campaign

Birmingham Campaign  

The Birmingham Campaign, waged throughout 1963 and 1964, represented one of the turning points in the long-term success of the American civil rights movement. The shocking scenes of civil rights ...
Black Church

Black Church  

Apart from the ancient Churches of Nubia and Ethiopia, Black Churches originated in the 18th cent. among the descendants of African slaves in the United States of America. From the 1740s, evangelical ...
Civil Rights Movement

Civil Rights Movement  

A grouping devoted to political and social reform in Northern Ireland, led by the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. NICRA was founded in Belfast early in 1967 by a group ...
Congress of Racial Equality

Congress of Racial Equality  

The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), one of the most important national organizations of the post-World War II African American freedom movements, was founded by an interracial group of pacifists ...
Connecticut

Connecticut  

Between 1992 and 2000, the Latino and Latina population of Connecticut increased by 40 percent, from 228,000 to 320,000 residents. The overall growth in the state's population during this period ...
Coretta Scott King

Coretta Scott King  

(b. 27 April 1927; d. 30 January 2006), activist, civil rights leader.The founding president of the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change in Atlanta, Georgia, Coretta ...
desegregation

desegregation  

In the USA, the movement to end discrimination against its Black citizens. Many segregation laws were passed in the Southern states after the American Civil War, and they were supported by a Supreme ...
Detroit

Detroit  

Founded by Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac in 1701 as a French fur-trading outpost and fort, Detroit passed into British control in 1763 and to the Americans in 1796.The ...
Dexter Avenue Baptist Church

Dexter Avenue Baptist Church  

The Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, a center of civil rights activity during the late nineteenth and the twentieth centuries, was founded in 1877 in Montgomery, Alabama, by a small group ...
Ebenezer Church

Ebenezer Church  

Ebenezer Baptist Church was made famous by the ministry and movement of the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. However, this historic black church, located on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia, has a ...
James M. Lawson

James M. Lawson  

(b. 22 September 1928),civil rights leader and theorist and advocate for nonviolent resistance. The Reverend James Morris Lawson Jr. was an associate of the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr. ...
Johnson, Lyndon B., Administration of

Johnson, Lyndon B., Administration of  

John F. Kennedy, the thirty-fifth president of the United States, was dead, having been assassinated in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, on 22 November 1963. Congress was sitting on the ...
Kennedy, John F., Administration Of

Kennedy, John F., Administration Of  

In 1960 John F. Kennedy, a young second-term senator from Massachusetts, won the Democratic presidential nomination at the national convention in Los Angeles. His Republican opponent was Vice ...

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