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brick

brick  

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[Ar]A kind of building material consisting of a block of dried or baked clay, often with some kind of tempering agent such as stone, sand, or straw. There are many different shapes, sizes, and styles ...
ceramics

ceramics  

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[from the Greek keramos, ‘potter's earth’]A clay-based product, usually divided into pottery (such as earthenware, stoneware, and faience) and porcelain (soft-paste, hard-paste, and bone china).
firing

firing  

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The process of heating a ceramic body in a kiln to harden it, fuse the components, and to melt the applied glaze so that it vitrifies to the surface. It can take several firings at different ...
glass painting

glass painting  

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This can refer to two techniques, both of which involve painting on glass. In the first ceramic colours are applied to sheets of clear glass and are then fired in a kiln and used as segments of a ...
Jingdezhen

Jingdezhen  

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The main centre in China for ceramic production, in the province of Jiangxi in the south. It was here the Imperial wares were produced regularly from the beginning of the Ming dynasty, at the end of ...
kiln

kiln   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
119 words

[MC]

A kind of oven, purpose‐built for firing pottery, bricks, or other kinds of ceramic materials. At its most simple,

kiln

kiln   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
147 words
An oven used to bake or *fire *ceramics. Early *pottery was simply baked in trenches with brushwood. Proper kilns were developed later with the fire walled in to conserve the heat and ... More
Kilns

Kilns   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
194 words

(κεραμεικοὶ φου̑ρνοι) for the production of ceramics have been discovered at Byz. sites of all periods, both by chance and

Kilns

Kilns   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

In his excavations at Qumran, Roland de Vaux discovered the remains of potters' kilns belonging to periods Ia, Ib, and

porcelain

porcelain  

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Overview Page
[Ma]A fine form of pottery which is fired to a very high temperature in order to vitrify the clay.
pottery

pottery  

[Ma]Clay that has been fashioned into a desired shape and then dried to reduce its water content before being fired or baked to fix its form. At temperatures of about 400 °C water begins to be lost ...
saggar

saggar  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A thin-walled box of fireclay, used in a kiln as a container for firing delicate articles of ceramics.
salt glaze

salt glaze  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
A type of glaze used on stoneware. Common salt was thrown into the kiln when it reached its maximum temperature. The salt combined with silicates in the clay to produce a thin, glazed surface with ...
stilt

stilt  

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Overview Page
A small three-pronged support made of hard fired clay, on which ceramic wares are balanced for firing in a kiln, to separate them from the piece above and below. These three marks can often be seen ...

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