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Alfred Jarry

(1873—1907) French dramatist

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André Breton

André Breton  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1896–1966)French poet.Breton was born in Tinchebray, Orne. His early involvement with the dadaists revealed itself in such works as Mont de piété (1919); in the same year he co-founded the ...
Anthologie de l'humour noir

Anthologie de l'humour noir  

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Literature
First published by Breton in 1940, forbidden by the Vichy regime, and republished in an augmented edition in 1966, this inventively titled collection brings together many of the Surrealists' ...
Filippo Tommaso Marinetti

Filippo Tommaso Marinetti  

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Literature
(1876–1944)Italianauthor best known as the founder of Futurism. He shot to international prominence when his short and provocative text ‘The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism’ was published on the ...
Guillaume Apollinaire

Guillaume Apollinaire  

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Literature
(1880–1918)French poet, prose writer, and art critic. He was a prominent figure in the avant‐garde in Paris in the years before the First World War, and an ardent supporter ...
Le Mercure de France

Le Mercure de France  

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Literature
In 1724, following a government reorganization of publishing, this title was conferred on a publication whose previous names included Le Mercure français (1605), the forerunner of the periodical ...
Le Voleur

Le Voleur  

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Literature
(1897).Novel by Darien. Its hero, Randal, is a bourgeois burglar, avenging crimes against his person (20 years of social programming in family, school, and barracks). Joining the criminal underworld ...
'pataphysics

'pataphysics  

French author Alfred Jarry's playful concept defined in Gestes et opinions du Docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien (1911), translated as Exploits and Opinions of Dr Faustroll, Pataphysician (1965), as ...
Theatre of the Absurd

Theatre of the Absurd  

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Literature
A term used to characterize the work of a number of European and American dramatists of the 1950s and early 1960s. As the term suggests, the function of such theatre is to give dramatic expression to ...
Ubu Roi

Ubu Roi  

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Literature
Play by Jarry, first performed as a puppet show for his school friends in Rennes in 1888, given its stage première by Lugné‐Poë in 1896. The opening word is ‘Merdre’. ...

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