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James II

(1430—1460) king of Scots

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battle of Killiecrankie

battle of Killiecrankie  

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(27 July 1689)A battle fought in a narrow densely wooded pass near Pitlochry in Scotland when John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, led the first Jacobite attempt to restore James II to the ...
battle of Sedgemoor

battle of Sedgemoor  

A battle fought in 1685 on the plain of Sedgemoor in Somerset, in which the forces of the rebel Duke of Monmouth, who had landed in Dorset as champion of the Protestant cause and pretender to the ...
Battle of the Boyne

Battle of the Boyne  

(1 July 1690)A major defeat for the Stuart cause which confirmed William III's control over Ireland. It took place near Drogheda, where the recently deposed James II and his Irish and French forces ...
Bill of Rights

Bill of Rights  

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(1689)A declaration and Act of Parliament stating the conditions upon which William III and Mary were to become joint sovereigns of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Its major provisions were that the ...
Glorious Revolution

Glorious Revolution  

Title given to the revolution of 1688–9, which resulted in the ‘abdication’ of James II and the succession of William III and Mary II. Participants had differing objectives. Tories and Anglican ...
house of Stuart

house of Stuart  

One of Europe's most resilient royal dynasties, the Stewart or Stuart family ruled Scotland in direct descent from 1371 to 1688, inheriting also the thrones of England and Ireland in 1603. The family ...
Jacobitism

Jacobitism  

Was a series of political movements which supported the restoration of the exiled house of Stuart after James II had been ousted from the throne at the Glorious Revolution in 1688 and had fled to ...
James III

James III  

(1452–88),king of Scots (1460–88). The eldest of the three sons of James II and Mary of Gueldres, James was born at St Andrews in May 1452. His father's death at the siege of Roxburgh (August 1460) ...
Mary II

Mary II  

(1662–94),queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–94). Mary was the elder daughter of James, duke of York, by his first wife Anne Hyde, daughter of the earl of Clarendon, Charles II's first ...
Monmouth's rebellion

Monmouth's rebellion  

(1685)An insurrection in south-west England against James II, led by the Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II. The Duke of Argyll led a revolt in Scotland against James and persuaded ...
Nine Years War

Nine Years War  

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(1688–97)Also known as the War of the Grand Alliance, a conflict that resulted from French aggression in the Rhineland, and that subsequently became a power struggle between Louis XIV of France and ...
pretender

pretender  

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A person who puts themself forward as having a rightful claim to someone else's throne. False claims have been put forward by such pretenders as Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck, who claimed the ...
1st earl of Godolphin, Sidney Godolphin

1st earl of Godolphin, Sidney Godolphin  

(1645–1712)English statesman who gave loyal service to Charles II, James II, and Queen Anne. Although he maintained close links with the Jacobites, he served William III until he quarrelled with his ...
Test Act

Test Act  

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Laws that made the holding of public office in Britain conditional upon subscribing to the established religion. Although Scotland imposed such a law in 1567, the harsh laws against recusants in ...
Tory

Tory  

A member of a British political party traditionally opposed to the Whigs. In the political crisis of 1679 royalist supporters, who opposed the recall of Parliament and supported the Stuart ...
Ulster

Ulster  

The northern province of Ireland, comprising the counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, Cavan, Monaghan, Fermanagh, Donegal, Tyrone, and Londonderry. The Norman intrusion was both socially and ...
War of the Spanish Succession

War of the Spanish Succession  

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(1701–13)A conflict that arose on the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in 1700. One of his sisters had married Louis XIV, the other Emperor Leopold, so both the French Bourbons and the ...
William III

William III  

(1650–1702),king of England, Scotland (as William II), and Ireland (1689–1702), prince of Orange. Appointed stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland, and captain‐ and admiral‐general of all the Dutch ...

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