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al- Aqṣā

al- Aqṣā  

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Overview Page
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Religion
Seventh-century mosque in the Haram al-Sharif, Jerusalem. Known as the “Farther Mosque” to distinguish it from the “Holy Mosque” of Mecca. Mentioned in connection with the Prophet's Noctural Journey ...
Arab-Israeli Conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Ongoing conflict between Arabs and Israel over Palestinian territory. The origins of the conflict lie in the Balfour Declaration (1917), which promised “a national home for the Jewish people,” and in ...
Book of Judges

Book of Judges  

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Overview Page
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Religion
This OT Book traces the history of the Israelites from Joshua's death to the beginning of the monarchy, describing incidents connected with the conquest of Palestine, and woven round the names of ...
Books of Kings

Books of Kings  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The two OT Books of Kings were originally a single Book, which was divided by the Greek translators, who grouped them with the Books of Samuel and called all four the ‘Books of the Reigns’. This ...
Books of Samuel

Books of Samuel  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The eighth book of the Hebrew scriptures. Originally a single work, it was subdivided in the Septuagint and Vulgate (which has four Books of Kings).
Jacob

Jacob  

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Religion
OT Patriarch. The son of Isaac, he deprived his brother Esau of his birthright by an elaborate ruse and fled to Haran in Mesopotamia. On his way back to Canaan he wrestled with a mysterious Divine ...
Jeroboam

Jeroboam  

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Religion
1. The first king of Israel after it had broken from Judah under Rehoboam; he reigned from 922 to 901 bce. Jeroboam instituted religious change in order to consolidate his position in the north; the ...
Judah

Judah  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The tribe of Judah was the most powerful of the twelve tribes of Israel. After the death of Solomon (c.930 bc), Judah, with Benjamin, formed a separate kingdom (known as the kingdom of Judah), which ...
Judaism

Judaism  

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Overview Page
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Religion
The monotheistic religion of the Jews. For its origins Judaism looks to the biblical covenant made by God with Abraham, and to the laws revealed to Moses and recorded in the Torah (supplemented by ...
kibbutz

kibbutz  

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Religion
(pl. kibbutzim).Communally-owned collective rural settlement in Palestine (later Israel) established by Jewish immigrants from the early C20. Some were designed by European-born architects (e.g. ...
prophet

prophet  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
While prophecy as a phenomenon is well attested in the early Church (1 Cor. 12–14), the position of the prophets mentioned in the NT is unclear. Sometimes they appear as a distinct order of ministers ...
Religious Zionism

Religious Zionism  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Conceived in the midnineteenth century as a modernizing response of Orthodox Judaism to emancipation. Religious Zionism aimed to preserve the continuity of Torah as a national religious culture ...
Saul

Saul  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(in the Bible) the first king of Israel (11th century bc); chosen as king and anointed by the prophet Samuel. In later life Saul lost God's favour; he became violently jealous of his former favourite ...
secularism

secularism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The term was coined c.1850 to denote a system which sought to order and interpret life on principles taken solely from this world, without recourse to belief in God and a future life. It is now used ...
West Bank

West Bank  

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Overview Page
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Religion
An area of Palestine west of the River Jordan, allocated by a UN Partition Plan of 1947 as a separate Arab state alongside an independent state of Israel. It was occupied by Jordan in 1948, and ...
Zionism

Zionism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A movement for (originally) the re-establishment and (now) the development and protection of a Jewish nation in what is now Israel. It was established as a political organization in 1897 under ...

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