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Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat  

Born to a modest peasant family, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981) rose through the army to play a prominent part in Egyptian political life, first as a key figure in the anti-British ...
Bernadotte, Folke, Count

Bernadotte, Folke, Count  

(b. 2 Jan. 1895, d. 17 Sept. 1948).Swedish international mediator Born in Stockholm, the nephew of King Gustav V of Sweden, he was involved in work for humanitarian causes for most of his life, ...
David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion  

(b. 16 Oct. 1886, d. 1 Dec. 1973).Prime Minister of Israel 1948–53, 1955–63 Born David Gruen at Plonsk, in Russian Poland, he became a Zionist and emigrated to Palestine in 1906. He became active in ...
Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip  

A strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast, including the town of Gaza. Administered by Egypt from 1949, and occupied by Israel from 1967, it became a self-governing enclave ...
Golan Heights

Golan Heights  

A mountainous area in south-east Syria, just along the Israeli border. Over 6,000 feet (2,000 metres) high, they are of enormous strategic importance as they make possible the military control of ...
Golda Meir

Golda Meir  

(b. 3 May 1898, d. 8 Dec. 1978).Prime Minister of Israel 1969–74 Born Golda Mabovitch in Kiev, Russia, she emigrated with her parents to Milwaukee (USA) in 1907. She married Morris Mayerson, and they ...
Menachem Begin

Menachem Begin  

(b. 16 Aug. 1913, d. 9 Mar. 1992).Prime Minister of Israel 1977–83 Born in Brest‐Litovsk in White Russia (later Poland), he graduated in law from the University of Warsaw. He was soon active in the ...
Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat  

(b. 24 Aug. 1929, d. 10 Nov. 2004).Palestinian leader 1969–2004Early careerBorn in Jerusalem (according to other sources born on 21 March 1929 in Cairo), he participated in the war against Israeli ...

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