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Anwar Sadat

Anwar Sadat  

Born to a modest peasant family, Anwar Sadat (1918–1981) rose through the army to play a prominent part in Egyptian political life, first as a key figure in the anti-British ...
Balfour Declaration

Balfour Declaration  

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Overview Page
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History
(2 November 1917)A declaration by Britain in favour of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It took the form of a letter from Lord Balfour (British Foreign Secretary) to Lord Rothschild, a prominent ...
Bernadotte, Folke, Count

Bernadotte, Folke, Count  

(b. 2 Jan. 1895, d. 17 Sept. 1948).Swedish international mediator Born in Stockholm, the nephew of King Gustav V of Sweden, he was involved in work for humanitarian causes for most of his life, ...
David Ben-Gurion

David Ben-Gurion  

(b. 16 Oct. 1886, d. 1 Dec. 1973).Prime Minister of Israel 1948–53, 1955–63 Born David Gruen at Plonsk, in Russian Poland, he became a Zionist and emigrated to Palestine in 1906. He became active in ...
Gaza Strip

Gaza Strip  

A strip of territory in Palestine, on the SE Mediterranean coast, including the town of Gaza. Administered by Egypt from 1949, and occupied by Israel from 1967, it became a self-governing enclave ...
Golan Heights

Golan Heights  

A mountainous area in south-east Syria, just along the Israeli border. Over 6,000 feet (2,000 metres) high, they are of enormous strategic importance as they make possible the military control of ...
Golda Meir

Golda Meir  

(b. 3 May 1898, d. 8 Dec. 1978).Prime Minister of Israel 1969–74 Born Golda Mabovitch in Kiev, Russia, she emigrated with her parents to Milwaukee (USA) in 1907. She married Morris Mayerson, and they ...
Haganah

Haganah  

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History
An underground defence force comprising a group of Jewish settlers in Palestine and playing a leading part in the creation of the State of Israel in 1948.
Jew

Jew  

A member of the people and cultural community whose traditional religion is Judaism and who trace their origins to the ancient Hebrew people of Israel.The name is Middle English and comes via Old ...
Jordan

Jordan  

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History
Jordan's King Abdullah has started to establish a more stable democracyJordan has three main zones. First, there is the Jordan Valley region, which lies to the east of the Jordan river and finishes ...
Menachem Begin

Menachem Begin  

(b. 16 Aug. 1913, d. 9 Mar. 1992).Prime Minister of Israel 1977–83 Born in Brest‐Litovsk in White Russia (later Poland), he graduated in law from the University of Warsaw. He was soon active in the ...
Palestine

Palestine  

A disputed territory between the River Jordan and the Mediterranean.Early history (before 1914)It was ruled by the Kings of Judah until the expulsion of the Jewish people after the unsuccessful Bar ...
refugee

refugee  

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History
A person who is forced to leave his/her home and seek safety in another region or country as an exile, usually as a result of persecution.
Star of David

Star of David  

[Hebrew, Magen David ‘Shield of David’] A very ancient sign, found in various cultural spheres, the hexagram sporadically appeared on Jewish artifacts in late antiquity, presumably already with ...
Yasser Arafat

Yasser Arafat  

(b. 24 Aug. 1929, d. 10 Nov. 2004).Palestinian leader 1969–2004Early careerBorn in Jerusalem (according to other sources born on 21 March 1929 in Cairo), he participated in the war against Israeli ...

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