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Abdurrahman Wahid

Abdurrahman Wahid  

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Religion
(1940–2009)Also known as Gus Dur. Indonesian Islamic thinker, writer, and politician. Elected president of Indonesia in 1998 and replaced by parliamentary vote in 2000. Chair of the Executive Council ...
Aceh

Aceh  

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Religion
Province of Indonesia in northern Sumatra. Some historians believe that Islam first came to Indonesia through Aceh in approximately the ninth century and that Aceh was the site of the first Muslim ...
Adat

Adat  

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Religion
Traditional, often unwritten, law, the customary part of legal regulation in Muslim countries, which often comes from pre-Islamic times, and has therefore to be integrated (so far as it can be) with ...
Ahmadis

Ahmadis  

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Religion
Controversial messianic movement founded by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian, Punjab (British-controlled India), in 1889. Founder claimed to be a “nonlegislating” prophet (thus not in opposition to the ...
Darul Islam

Darul Islam  

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Religion
(from Arab., dār al-Islām).A revolutionary movement in Indonesia whose aim was to establish an Islamic state. Its leader was Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosuwirjo (1905–62), who declared the Islamic State ...
Hamka

Hamka  

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Religion
(d. 1981)Acronym of Hajji Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah. Indonesian religious scholar and author of more than a hundred works of fiction, politics, history, biography, Islamic doctrine, ethics, ...
Jemaah Islamiyah

Jemaah Islamiyah  

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Religion
Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) is a Southeast Asian jihādī terrorist group principally based and operating in Indonesia, but with a history of substantial cells in Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. JI ...
Laskar Jihad

Laskar Jihad  

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Religion
Laskar Jihad (the Jihad Paramilitary Force) emerged in Indonesia in the context of political reform, religious violence in Maluku province (the Molucca Islands), and the founding of the Forum ...
Masjumi

Masjumi  

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Religion
Also known as Majlis Sjuro Muslimin Indonesia (Consultative Council of Indonesian Muslims). One of Indonesia's main political parties during the period of parliamentary democracy in the 1950s. ...
Mohammad Natsir

Mohammad Natsir  

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Religion
(d. 1993)Indonesian intellectual, writer, nationalist, journalist, and politician. Held that a return to the intellectual and scriptural tradition of classical Islam was essential for the ...
Muhammadiyah

Muhammadiyah  

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Religion
The Javanese Islamic reformist movement known as Muhammadiyah has become one of the most important religious, educational, and social movements throughout the islands of Indonesia as well as the most ...
Nahdatul Ulama

Nahdatul Ulama  

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Religion
One of the two largest Islamic traditionalist grassroots social organizations in Indonesia. Established in 1926 as part of the nationalist awakening and general Islamic reform. Its social basis is ...
Nurcholish Madjid

Nurcholish Madjid  

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Religion
(1939–2005)Indonesian Islamic scholar and advocate of religious tolerance and pluralism. Interpreted Islam to meet the spiritual needs of modern urban populations. More concerned with spirituality ...
pancasila

pancasila  

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Religion
Indonesian. Five principles. Core ideology of the Indonesian government consisting of belief in God, Indonesian nationalism, humanitarianism or just and civilized humanity, democracy, and social ...
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan

Partai Persatuan Pembangunan  

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Religion
The only Islamic political party in Indonesia today is the Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (Development Unity Party, abbreviated as Partai Persatuan, PPP, or P3), formed in 1973 through the fusion of ...
Sarekat Islam

Sarekat Islam  

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Religion
An Indonesian Islamic political organization. Formed in 1911 as an association of Javanese batik traders to protect themselves against Chinese competition, it had developed, by the time of its first ...
Shaṭṭārīyah

Shaṭṭārīyah  

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Religion
A Ṣūfī order of importance in India and Indonesia, the Shaṭṭārīyah is in the Tayfūrī line of Ṣūfī orders that follow the mystical tradition of Abū Yazīd al-Bisṭāmī (d. 874) ...
Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia  

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Religion
Southeast Asia is a vast, diverse, complex, and dynamic mosaic of interacting religions and ecologies. Geopolitically, the region encompasses all of the countries East of India and south of China. ...

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