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Alessandro Piccolomini

Alessandro Piccolomini  

(1508–78),Italian humanist, poet, and dramatist. He was born in Siena and became a teacher of philosophy in Padua (from 1539) and Rome (1546–58). In 1574 he was appointed archbishop ...
Ambrogio Traversari

Ambrogio Traversari  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
(1386–1439)Among the great Italian Humanists of the Quattrocento, a particular place belongs to Ambrogio Traversari. He is interesting not just as a lover of classical studies, but as a ...
Andrea Alciato

Andrea Alciato  

(1492–1550),Italian jurist and humanist, born in Milan and from 1518 professor of law at Avignon. In 1529 he moved to Bourges, and his four years there shifted the centre ...
Andrea Navagero

Andrea Navagero  

(1483–1529)was a Venetian humanist, poet, historian, and diplomat. He succeeded Marcantonio Sabellico as historian of the Venetian Republic and was involved in important diplomatic missions. His ...
Ars dictaminis

Ars dictaminis  

The ars dictaminis is the variety of medieval rhetoric that provided instruction in the composition of letters and other epistolary documents. Between 1077 and 1085, Alberic of Monte Cassino produced ...
Benedetto Dei

Benedetto Dei  

(1418–92),Italian traveller and historian, born in Florence on 4 March 1418. He fled the city after participating in an abortive coup, and travelled for many years in Africa and ...
Bernardo Rucellai

Bernardo Rucellai  

(1448–1514),Historian and garden designer, the son of Giovanni Rucellai. He was a confidant and supporter of Lorenzo de' Medici, and the author of De bello Italico, an account of ...
Bernardo Segni

Bernardo Segni  

(1504–58),Florentine humanist and historian who held a series of public offices culminating in a period as the ambassador of Cosimo I de' Medici to the imperial court (1541). He ...
Byzantine Manuscripts

Byzantine Manuscripts  

Our knowledge of the places and circumstances of copying of Byzantine manuscripts, like that of their history and circulation, is based esentially on examination of the Books themselves. Documents ...
Carlo Marsuppini

Carlo Marsuppini  

(1399–1453),Italian humanist and Hellenist, born in Arezzo and educated in Florence, where he enjoyed the patronage of the Medici family. He had an excellent command of Greek, and in ...
Catholic Reformation

Catholic Reformation  

The program of the reformatio Ecclesiae had been officially placed on the agenda of Christian society from the time of the Great Schism (1309–1417). The Council of Constance opened on ...
Claudio Tolomei

Claudio Tolomei  

(1492–1555),Italian poet, born in Siena, from which he was banished in 1526 because of his support for the Medici family. Thereafter he lived in Rome, Piacenza, and Siena (of ...
college

college  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The colleges that were founded in the Middle Ages were intended as residences and places of prayer and study for priests. Many colleges were dissolved in 1547, for they were ...
Coluccio Salutati

Coluccio Salutati  

(1331–1406),Influential Italian humanist. He was born in Stignano in Florentine territory near Lucca (Valdinievole), and spent his youth in Bologna, where his family lived in exile. From 1375 until ...
Donato Giannotti

Donato Giannotti  

(1492–1573),Florentine political philosopher and playwright. He studied law at Pisa and served the Florentine republic of 1527–30 as a chancery secretary; he was banished for life when the Medici ...
Erfurt

Erfurt  

One of the most important medieval German cities, Erfurt originated in the 8th century as a bishopric (later transferred to Mainz) at the junction of the Erpf land route and ...
Ermolao Barbaro

Ermolao Barbaro  

(c.1454–93) Venetian humanist and diplomat.He gained fame as a classical scholar for his textual criticism of Pliny the Elder and for his Latin translations of Greek philosophical texts. A ...
Étienne Dolet

Étienne Dolet  

(1509–46),French printer and humanist scholar. He was born in Orléans and briefly studied law in Toulouse; as a young man he worked in Venice as secretary to the French ...
Federico da Montefeltro

Federico da Montefeltro  

 (1422–82)Duke of Urbino and mercenary captain. He spent his considerable wealth on transforming Urbino’s architecture and amassing a magnificent picture collection and library. According to his main ...
Francesco Filelfo

Francesco Filelfo  

(1398–1481)The Italian Humanist Francesco Filelfo played an important role in the preservation and promotion of Greek culture in Italy. Living at Constantinople from 1420 to 1427, he learned Greek ...

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