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Charles Evans Hughes

(1862—1948)

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American Bar Association

American Bar Association  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The American Bar Association (ABA) was founded in 1878 in Saratoga Springs, New York, as a voluntary, national organization of the legal profession. Its initial membership totaled 289 lawyers, and ...
Architecture of the Supreme Court Building

Architecture of the Supreme Court Building  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Chief Justice William Howard Taft liked to think of the Constitution as the “Ark of the Covenant,” and the judiciary as a priestly class guarding its sacred principles. When Taft ...
brief

brief  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
N.1 A document or bundle of documents by which a solicitor instructs a barrister to appear as an advocate in court. Unless the client is receiving financial support from the Community Legal Service, ...
Brown v. Mississippi

Brown v. Mississippi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
297 U.S. 278 (1936), argued 10 Jan. 1936, decided 17 Feb. 1936 by vote of 9 to o; Hughes for the Court. In Brown v. Mississippi, the Supreme Court reversed the convictions of three African-American ...
chief justice

chief justice  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The chief justice of the United States is the presiding officer of the Supreme Court and the head of the judicial branch of the federal government. The title chief justice ...
clerks of the Justices

clerks of the Justices  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Each Supreme Court justice may have a staff of four law clerks. Chief Justice William Rehnquist and Justice John Paul Stevens, however, chose to employ only three each. The justices ...
court-packing Plan

court-packing Plan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1937)On February 5, 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt sent to Congress his Judicial Reorganization Bill. It called for adding one justice to the Supreme Court for every member over ...
Dejonge v. Oregon

Dejonge v. Oregon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
299 U.S. 353 (1937), argued 9 Dec. 1936, decided 4 Jan. 1937 by vote of 8 to 0; Hughes for the Court, Stone not participating. The Court overturned the conviction of Dirk DeJonge, who had been ...
Extrajudicial Activities

Extrajudicial Activities  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The participation of justices in activities outside the normal duties of the judicial office has been an issue throughout the institutional life of the Supreme Court. Such extrajudicial activities ...
Footnote Four

Footnote Four  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(of United States v. Carolene Products Co.), 304 U.S. 144 (1938), Carolene Products case argued 6 April 1938, decided 25 April 1938; Stone for himself, Hughes, Brandeis, and Roberts, Cardozo ...
Frank, Leo, Case Of

Frank, Leo, Case Of  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The Leo Frank case, known formally as Frank v. Mangum (1915), concerned the heinous murder of a thirteen-year-old girl, the conviction of a man based on circumstantial evidence, and a ...
Gold Clause Cases

Gold Clause Cases  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(1935), common collective name for three companion cases of the New Deal era: Norman v. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co., 294 U.S. 240; Nortz v. United States, 294 U.S. 317; and Perry v. United States, ...
Harlan Fiske Stone

Harlan Fiske Stone  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(born Chesterfield, N.H., 11 October 1872; died Washington, D.C., 22 April 1946). He was a legal educator, lawyer, associate justice (1925–41), and chief justice (1941–46) of the U.S. Supreme Court. ...
History and Law

History and Law  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
The relationship between history and law can be understood from at least two fundamentally different perspectives. First, the relationship can be approached from the vantage point of law practice and ...
Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell

Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
290 U.S. 398 (1934), argued 8 and 9 Nov. 1933, decided 8 June 1934 by vote of 5 to 4; Hughes for the Court, Sutherland, Butler, McReynolds, and Van Devanter in dissent. The Court's decision in Home ...
James Clark McReynolds

James Clark McReynolds  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1914–41• Born: Feb. 3, 1862, Elkton, Ky.• Education: Vanderbilt University, B.S., 1882; University of Virginia, LL.B., 1884• Previous government service: assistant U.S. attorney, ...
John H. Clarke

John H. Clarke  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
Associate Justice, 1916–22• Born: Sept. 18, 1857, New Lisbon, Ohio• Education: Western Reserve University, B.A., 1877; M.A., 1880• Previous government service: federal judge, U.S. District Court for ...
John Johnston Parker

John Johnston Parker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Monroe, N.C., 20 Nov. 1885; d. Washington, D.C., 17 Mar. 1958), federal appellate judge and unconfirmed nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court. After practicing law for several years in ...
justiciability

justiciability  

Reference type:
Overview Page
This term ‘has acquired popularity with politicians as well as with lawyers. It is, however, used ambiguously to designate the suitability of a dispute for settlement, both as to law ...
Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada

Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
In 1935, Lloyd Gaines graduated from Lincoln University, a state-supported African American school in Jefferson City, Missouri. He was the president of his senior class and intended to go to ...

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