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Anne Dubourg

Anne Dubourg  

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Religion
(c. 1520–59), French Protestant martyr. He became conseiller-clerc to the Parlement of Paris in 1557. At Easter 1559 he made his Communion with the Huguenots. A provocative speech in their defence in ...
Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of St

Bartholomew's Day, Massacre of St  

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Religion
The massacre of a large number of Huguenots which took place on the night of 23–4 Aug. 1572 and the two following days in Paris and other French cities.
Camisards

Camisards  

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Religion
A group of fanatical French Protestants, who rose in revolt in the Cévennes district in 1702 against the rigorous steps taken by Louis XIV to suppress their religion.
Cardinal Richelieu

Cardinal Richelieu  

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(1585–1642), French theologian and politician. He was created a cardinal in 1622; he became President of the Council of Ministers in 1624 and from 1629 he was chief minister of France. Seeking to ...
Christianity in France

Christianity in France  

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Religion
Christianity seems to have been introduced into Gaul in the 2nd cent. by missionaries from Asia Minor. The Christian community at Lyons suffered persecution in 177. A Gallic episcopate was ...
Dutch Reformed Church

Dutch Reformed Church  

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Religion
Calvinism played a significant part in the revolt of the Netherlands (q.v.), and when the country became virtually free from Spain in 1609, the Reformed (Presbyterian) Church held sway. It spread ...
Edmund Calamy

Edmund Calamy  

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(1600–66), ‘the Elder’, English Presbyterian. He was one of the authors of the composite work Smectymnuus. In the Westminster Assembly of 1643 he tried to defend presbyterianism as a middle way ...
Jean–Jacques Olier

Jean–Jacques Olier  

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Religion
(1608–57), founder of the Society and Seminary of Saint-Sulpice (q.v.). Threatened with the loss of his sight, on a pilgrimage to Loreto he was cured and converted to a deeply religious life. ...
John Calvin

John Calvin  

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Religion
(1509–64)French Protestant theologian and reformer. He began his theological career in France, but was forced to flee to Basle in Switzerland after embracing Protestantism in the early 1530s. He ...
John Cosin

John Cosin  

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Religion
(1594–1672), Bp. of Durham. His famous Collection of Private Devotions (1627) was compiled for the use of Queen Henrietta Maria's English maids of honour. The Long Parliament deprived him of all his ...
Joseph Bingham

Joseph Bingham  

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Religion
(1668–1723),author of The Antiquities of the Christian Church. He was educated at Wakefield Grammar School and University College, Oxford, where he became a Fellow in 1689. He was delated ...
Moïse Amyraut

Moïse Amyraut  

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(1596–1644), French Protestant theologian. From 1626 he was minister at Saumur and lecturer at the Protestant Academy there, becoming Principal in 1641. In his Brief Traitté de la predestination ...
St Eustace

St Eustace  

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Patron of the city of Madrid and (with St Hubert) of hunters. His existence is doubtful. He is said to have been a Roman general, converted by a vision of a stag with a crucifix between its antlers, ...
St Pius V

St Pius V  

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(1504–72), Pope from 1566. He entered the Dominican Order at the age of fourteen, and as Pope he continued to observe the ascetical practices of the religious life—the Papal custom of wearing a white ...
Theodore Beza

Theodore Beza  

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Religion
(1519–1605)Swiss reformed theologian who succeeded John Calvin as leader in Geneva. He is remembered in biblical studies for having discovered a 5th-cent. MS of the gospels and Acts (‘Codex Bezae’), ...

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