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academic medicine

academic medicine  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Is a term often used but rarely defined because it is felt that most will understand its meaning. The last edition of the Oxford Companion to Medicine states that it ...
antisepsis

antisepsis  

n. the elimination of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microorganisms that cause disease by the use of chemical or physical methods.
fever

fever  

An increase in body temperature as a result of infection. See endogenous pyrogen.
foundations

foundations  

These are organizations from which funds are available to support causes, including medical and scientific research. Some derive funds wholly or partly from government sources, others from gifts ...
health insurance

health insurance  

A term often used to describe personal and family insurance coverage for the costs of medical and hospital care. It really means medical insurance plan.
health-maintenance organization

health-maintenance organization  

(HMO)A variety of health care organization that arose in the United States, comprising groups of physicians and other health care professionals who provide therapeutic care and sometimes preventive ...
hospitals

hospitals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Medicine and health
Length:
2,998 words

After 1500 most European hospitals continued to provide their traditional charitable services that included shelter, food, and spiritual salvation. However,

lying-in hospitals

lying-in hospitals  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Two events in the first half of the 18th century shaped the future of maternal care. From about 1740 medical practitioners for the first time became regularly involved in both ...
medicine

medicine  

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Overview Page
n. 1. the science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. 2. the science or practice of nonsurgical methods of treating disease. 3. any drug or preparation used for the ...
mental hospital

mental hospital  

An institution that provides care and shelter for people with mental, emotional, and personality disorders, sometimes severe enough to require custodial care. Mental hospitals have a long tradition, ...
surgery

surgery  

Reference type:
Overview Page
n. the branch of medicine that treats injuries, deformities, or disease by operation or manipulation. See also cryosurgery, microsurgery. —surgical adj.
trust

trust  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(trust)(in the NHS) a self-governing body that provides any of a range of health-care services, including hospital, community health, and mental health services. See also foundation trust, primary ...

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