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Act of Union

Act of Union  

1801.United the parliaments of Great Britain and Ireland, abolished the Irish Parliament in Dublin, and ended Irish legislative independence granted in 1782. The Act originated from Britain's ...
birth

birth  

Syn: parturition. Delivery of an infant capable of independent existence, an event that occurs naturally when the cervix is fully dilated, at which stage the uterine, abdominal, and pelvic muscles ...
Daniel Hale Williams

Daniel Hale Williams  

(1856–1931), surgeon and educator, pioneer in both surgical technique and race relations.Born in Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania, Williams possessed a mixed racial ancestry, with Caucasian, Native ...
health services

health services  

Provision of hospital, medical, and dental services. During the 19th century there was startling progress in medical science, but also an increased awareness of health hazards and the need for ...
heart Disease

heart Disease  

A general term that covers atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hypertension, rheumatic heart disease, and congenital heart disease. Heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, and it ...
hospitals

hospitals   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,047 words

The hospital arrived in Canada in the 17th century when Roman Catholic religious orders established the Hôtels-Dieux for the medical

hospitals and dispensaries

hospitals and dispensaries   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
677 words

With the development of towns in Ireland from about the 9th century temporary houses began to be set aside for

Hospitals.

Hospitals.   Reference library

Bernadette McCauley

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,459 words
The first hospitals in America were makeshift: military hospitals during the Colonial Era, and the Revolutionary War, and quarantine and inoculation hospitals during epidemics. By the ... More
Household Technology.

Household Technology.  

Industrialization transformed American society, permanently altering the tools and work processes of preindustrial America. New technologies helped change how households fed, clothed, cleaned, and ...
Indian Health Service

Indian Health Service  

An agency of the US Department of Health and Human Services that provides preventive and therapeutic health care for members of indigenous population groups. The service includes hospitals, clinics, ...
Irish Hospitals Sweepstake

Irish Hospitals Sweepstake  

A lottery on major horse races held three times a year, between 1930 and 1986, the proceeds of which went to selected Irish hospitals. It was initiated by a group ...
James Buchanan Duke

James Buchanan Duke  

(1856–1925), manufacturer of tobacco products, philanthropist.James “Buck” Duke, the son of Washington Duke and Artelia Roney Duke, was born on the family's farm in Orange County, North Carolina. ...
Marie Zakrzewska

Marie Zakrzewska  

(1829–1902), midwife, physician, founder of the New England Hospital for Women and Children.Born in Berlin, Zakrzewska (pronounced Zak-shef'-ska) studied midwifery in Germany before coming to America ...
Mary Putnam Jacobi

Mary Putnam Jacobi  

(1842–1906), physician, feminist.Eldest of the eleven children of the publisher George Palmer Putnam and Victorine (Haven) Putnam, Mary grew up in the environs of New York City. At age ...
Mayo Clinic

Mayo Clinic  

Innovative medical center in Rochester, Minnesota.In 1863, an English-born, nomadic country doctor, William Worrall Mayo, moved his wife, three daughters, and infant son, William James Mayo, to the ...
Medical Education.

Medical Education.  

Medical education in colonial and antebellum America typically involved individual apprentices laboring under older doctors. These apprenticeships varied widely in length and quality, while always ...
medical treatment

medical treatment  

Therapeutic preoccupations reflect the major causes of death. Until the early 20th century the most important fatal diseases were fevers, including tuberculosis, pneumonia, post-partum fever, and ...
nursing

nursing  

Did not develop as an organized profession until the mid-19th cent., despite the establishment of voluntary hospitals in the 18th. Until then, caring for the sick had been undertaken mainly ...
philanthropy

philanthropy  

Research and records indicate that since the late 1500s Latina and Latino individuals and communities in North America have contributed considerable time, labor, and money to charitable causes, and ...
poor law

poor law  

During the Middle Ages, canon law required each member of the parish to pay a tax of one‐tenth, a tithe, of their income to the church. From this income the rector was required to set aside one‐third ...

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