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High Court of Australia

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission  

Have emerged from the indigenous adaptation to colonisation and from efforts to govern indigenous Australians more effectively and equitably.Though there were episodes of collective action by ...
Alfred Deakin

Alfred Deakin  

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History
(1856–1919)Australian statesman and three times prime minister (1903–04; 1905–08; 1909–10), who played a major role in the early development of the Commonwealth.Born and educated in Melbourne, the ...
Black-armband history

Black-armband history  

A phrase coined by Geoffrey Blainey in his Latham Lecture (Quadrant, 1993), signified a pessimistic reading of Australian history which, he contended, had gained undue acceptance. Earlier generations ...
Constitution

Constitution  

In written form provide for the governance of the states and the Commonwealth. The state constitutions date from the time the colonies achieved self-government: Victoria, 1855; NSW, 1855; SA, 1856 ...
federation

federation  

Was the greatest political achievement in Australian history, bringing together six self-governing colonies that were under no compulsion to unite. Few people in the nation so created know or honour ...
Gough Whitlam

Gough Whitlam  

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History
(1916– )Australian Labor statesman, Prime Minister (1972–75). While in office he ended compulsory military service in Australia and relaxed the laws for Asian and African immigrants. When, in 1975, ...
Governor-General

Governor-General  

The Constitution Act, 1867 (section 12), refers to but does not create this office, which represents the sovereign in Canada. That was done by Letters Patent issued in 1878. In ...
Herbert Vere Evatt

Herbert Vere Evatt  

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(b. 30 Apr. 1894, d. 2 Nov. 1965).Australian Labor leader 1951–60 Born in East Maitland (New South Wales), Evatt taught at the University of Sydney before developing a law practice that specialized ...
James Henry Scullin

James Henry Scullin  

(b. 18 Sept. 1876, d. 28 Jan. 1953).Prime Minister of Australia 1929–31 Born in Trawalla (Victoria), he left school at 14, but continued his education at night school. He joined the Political Labor ...
Liberal Party

Liberal Party  

(Australia) A major political party in Australia. The original party emerged in 1910 as an alliance of various groups opposed to the Australian Labor Party, led by Forrest. They were known for a ...
Nauru

Nauru  

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A tiny island country just south of the Equator in the south-western Pacific Ocean, between longitudes 166° and 167° E.Physical.Nauru is a coral island, with a band of fertile land around the coast ...
privy Council

privy Council  

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The fate of most councils or committees is to grow too large to be effective and to be replaced by an executive or inner caucus, like a series of Russian dolls. The council of late medieval times ...
referendum

referendum  

A mechanism which allows voters to make a choice between alternative courses of action on a particular issue. The result of the referendum may then be embodied in the particular state's constitution; ...
Robert Gordon Menzies

Robert Gordon Menzies  

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(b. Jeparit, Victoria, 20 Dec. 1894; d. Melbourne, 15 May 1978)Australian; Prime Minister 1939–41, 1949–66 Menzies grew up in the tiny Victorian country township of Jepari, where his Presbyterian ...
Samuel Walker Griffith

Samuel Walker Griffith  

(born 21 June 1845; died 9 August 1920; Chief Justice 1903–19)had a political and legal career of great distinction. He was twice Premier of Queensland, and then Chief Justice, before becoming the ...
Sir Edmund Barton

Sir Edmund Barton  

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History
(1849–1920)Australia's first prime minister (1901–03) and a high court judge. He was knighted in 1902.The son of a sharebroker and estate agent, Barton was born and educated in Sydney, where he ...
Stolen Generations

Stolen Generations  

The Indigenous children forcibly removed from their families, primarily during the period of ‘protection’ legislation (c. 1890–1970). The National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres ...

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