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Harald Hardrada

(d. 1066) king of Norway

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battle of Fulford

battle of Fulford  

1066.Eight months after Harold Godwineson's succession in January 1066, Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, launched a major attack, in conjunction with Tostig, Harold's brother. They sailed up the Ouse ...
Battle of Hastings

Battle of Hastings  

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(14 October 1066)A battle fought at Senlac, inland from Hastings (south-east England) between the English under Harold II and an invading army under Duke William of Normandy (William I). Harold heard ...
battle of Stamford Bridge

battle of Stamford Bridge  

1066.A victory for King Harold Godwineson over Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, and his own brother Tostig, both of whom were killed. Harold Hardrada was asserting a purported promise of succession ...
earl of Orkney Thorfinn

earl of Orkney Thorfinn  

(c.1009–c. 1065).It is clear that ‘Thorfinn the Mighty’ wielded great power. He succeeded his father Sigurd as earl of Orkney when a small boy in 1014. He was a grandson of Malcolm II of Scotland. He ...
George Maniakes

George Maniakes  

General and usurper; died Ostrovo near Thessalonike between Apr. and early June 1043 (Shepard, “Russians Attack” 174, n.4).Of low birth, Maniakes (Μανιάκης) impressed even his opponents by his great ...
Godwine

Godwine  

(d. 1053).Godwine rose to prominence in the reign of Cnut, as one of his chief advisers, and has traditionally been held responsible for the brutal death of Æthelred the Unready's exiled son Alfred ...
Harold II

Harold II  

B. c.1022, 2nd s. of earl Godwin and Gytha; acc. 6 Jan. 1066; m. Ealdgyth, da. of earl Aelfgar, 1066; issue: Harold; also (illeg.) 4 s. 2 das. by Eadgyth Swanneshals (‘Swanneck’); d. 14 Oct. 1066; ...
Magnus I Olafsson

Magnus I Olafsson  

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(c. 1024–1047),King of Norway from 1035 to his death. The illegitimate son of King Olaf II Haraldsson (Saint Olaf), Magnus was brought up in the Kievan Rus’. He returned ...
Norman Conquest

Norman Conquest  

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The period beginning in 1066 with Duke William of Normandy's victory over the English at the Battle of Hastings. As William I (1066–87) he established a military superiority over the English, ...
Sweyn Estrithsson

Sweyn Estrithsson  

(d. 1074),king of Denmark (1047–74). Overshadowed by his rival Harold Hardrada, king of Norway, Sweyn nevertheless posed a significant threat to the rulers of England. The son of Cnut's sister ...
Theodoricus monachus

Theodoricus monachus  

Author of a short Latin history (c.1180) of the Norwegian kings from Harald Fairhair to Haraldr gilli (d. 1136), titled Historia de antiquitate regum norwagiensium. A dedication to Archbishop ...
Tostig

Tostig  

(c. 1025–66),younger brother of Harold, who was briefly, in 1066, king of England, and of Eadgyth, Edward the Confessor's queen. With Tostig's appointment to Northumbria, his family seemed set ...
Varangians

Varangians  

Any of the Scandinavian voyagers who travelled by land and up rivers into Russia in the 9th and 10th centuries ad, establishing the Rurik dynasty and gaining great influence in the Byzantine Empire. ...

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