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Bartolomeo Scala

Bartolomeo Scala  

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Literature
(1430–97),Italian humanist, born in Florence, the son of a miller. He studied law in Florence and then in Milan under Francesco Filelfo. On returning to Florence he joined the ...
Blacks and Whites

Blacks and Whites  

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Literature
Although the names Neri and Bianchi probably originated in Pistoia, they are most commonly used to refer to the two factions within the Florentine Guelf party, which emerged in 1300 ...
Brunetto Latini

Brunetto Latini  

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Literature
(c. 1220–c. 1294).Florentine scholar and statesman, author of Li Livres dou tresor, an important early French prose encyclopaedia in three books: the first treats philosophical, doctrinal, ...
Cristoforo Landino

Cristoforo Landino  

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Literature
(1424–1504),Italian humanist, poet, and philologist, who during his years as a professor in Florence attempted in his teaching to reconcile Platonism with Aristotelianism and Christian revelation ...
Dino Compagni

Dino Compagni  

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Literature
(c. 1246/7–1324).Florentine merchant and White Guelf politician [see Blacks and whites] who wrote an important chronicle of Dante's Florence, the Cronica delle cose occorrenti ne' tempi suoi. ...
Dino Frescobaldi

Dino Frescobaldi  

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Literature
(c. 1271–c. 1316).Florentine banker and poet, from one of the most important families in the city. He was active in Black Guelf politics, and was a wholehearted supporter of ...
Fazio Degli Uberti

Fazio Degli Uberti  

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Literature
(?1302–?1367).Lyric and didactic poet. The Uberti had been a famous and powerful Florentine family in the 13th c. [see Farinata], but Fazio was born in exile (probably in Pisa) ...
Folgore Da Sangimignano

Folgore Da Sangimignano  

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Literature
(before 1280–before 1332).The nickname of Giacomo di Michele; folgore (‘splendour’) aptly captures the quality evoked in his poems. He is named as doing military service for Siena in 1295 ...
Franco Sacchetti

Franco Sacchetti  

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Literature
(c.1330–1400) Florentine merchant and public officer; author of the Trecentonovelle (Three Hundred Novelle).He wrote lyric poetry, letters, and commentaries on the gospels, as well as a cantare, La ...
Graziolo Dei Bambaglioli

Graziolo Dei Bambaglioli  

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(1291–1343).The author of some Latin glosses on Dante's Inferno, which he wrote in his native Bologna about 1324. A jurist, he was exiled from Bologna for his active support ...
Guelfs and Ghibellines

Guelfs and Ghibellines   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
148 words

The two factions whose struggles dominated politics in the Italian communes during the 13th c. The names derived from German

Guelph

Guelph   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

a member of one of two great factions in Italian medieval politics, traditionally supporting the Pope against the Holy Roman emperor (supported by the ...

Guido Guinizelli

Guido Guinizelli  

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Literature
(13th century) Bolognese poet.His identity is not certain, possibly the Ghibelline Guido di Guinizello di Magnano (d. 1276). Five canzoni and fifteen sonnets survive complete. Some lyrics address ...
Guittone d’Arezzo

Guittone d’Arezzo  

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(c.1235–c.94) Tuscan poet.After abandoning political life and choosing voluntary exile c.1260, he joined the Franciscan order. His epistles in the vernacular display high mastery of ars dictandi, ...
Hermann of Thuringia

Hermann of Thuringia  

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Literature
(r. 1190–1217)The landgrave was a patron of poetry, art, and architecture. A shrewd politician, he aligned himself alternately with the Guelphs and the Hohenstaufen king. See also germany; roman ...
Hohenstaufen

Hohenstaufen  

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A German dynastic family, some of whom ruled as Holy Roman emperors between 1138 and 1254, among them Frederick I (Barbarossa).
Lapo da Castiglionchio

Lapo da Castiglionchio  

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(d.1381),from a noble Florentine family, was an eminent canon-law scholar, leading the Florentine Guelf party's struggle to maintain supremacy in communal politics. A friend of Petrarch's, he was an ...
Lapo Saltarelli

Lapo Saltarelli  

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(late 13th–early 14th c.).Florentine lawyer who as White Guelf priore opposed Boniface VIII, but then joined the Blacks [see Blacks and Whites]. Dante cites him as an example of contemporary ...
Lodovico Antonio Muratori

Lodovico Antonio Muratori  

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(1672–1750), Italian historian and theological scholar. He published a vast corpus of medieval sources of Italian history, Rerum Italicarum Scriptores (25 vols., 1723–51), and an important collection ...
Meo Abbracciavacca

Meo Abbracciavacca  

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(13th c.).Pisan Ghibelline [see Guelfs and Ghibellines] and author of three canzoni and a small number of sonnets, some included in vernacular prose letters addressed to Guittone. He deploys ...

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