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Adolf Deissmann

Adolf Deissmann  

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Overview Page
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Religion
(1866–1937), German Protestant theologian. He did distinguished pioneer work in biblical philology, making full use of material from the recently discovered papyri.
anthropology

anthropology  

In philosophical usage, a general theory of human nature, sometimes thought to be the necessary foundation of history and all social sciences. The philosophy of anthropology considers such issues as ...
Apocryphal New Testament

Apocryphal New Testament  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Christian writings not included in the authoritative canon of the NT which claim to be reminiscences of the life of the young Jesus and his miraculous powers, or supplements to the book of Acts about ...
Book of Tobit

Book of Tobit  

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Overview Page
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Religion
This Book of the Apocrypha was written in Aramaic or Hebrew, probably c.200 bc. It relates the story of Tobit, a pious Jew who had been taken captive to Nineveh and in his old age became poor and ...
deacon

deacon  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In Catholic, Anglican, and Orthodox Churches, an ordained minister ranking below that of priest (now, except in the Orthodox Church, typically in training for the priesthood). In some Protestant ...
Dead Sea Scrolls

Dead Sea Scrolls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A collection of Hebrew and Aramaic manuscripts, the first of which were found in 1947 by shepherds in a cave near the north-western shore of the Dead Sea. They belonged to the library of the Jewish ...
Decalogue

Decalogue  

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Religion
Another name for the Ten Commandments; the name is recorded from late Middle English, and comes via French and ecclesiastical Latin from Greek dekalogos (biblos) ‘(book of) the Ten Commandments’, ...
Decapolis

Decapolis  

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Overview Page
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Religion
In biblical times, a league of 10 ancient Greek cities formed in Palestine after the Roman conquest of 63 bc; the cities were Scythopolis, Hippos, Gadara, Raphana, Dion, Pella, Gerasa, Philadelphia, ...
demon

demon  

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Religion
An evil spirit or devil, especially one thought to possess a person or act as a tormentor in hell; the word is recorded from Middle English, and comes partly via medieval Latin and Latin from Greek ...
Didache

Didache  

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Religion
(Greek for ‘teaching’). The elements in primitive Christian apologetic of an instructional kind, as contrasted with kerygma or ‘preaching’.
Gospel of St Mark

Gospel of St Mark  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Papias states that the Gospel was written by St Mark, who drew his information from St Peter. Later tradition connects the Gospel with Rome. It may have been written by John Mark (see the previous ...
Greek

Greek   Quick reference

A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion
Length:
230 words

The language of the NT writings was a development of classical (Attic) Greek, much as modern English has changed since

Greek

Greek   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The Greek of the texts from the Judean Desert, both literary and nonliterary, is the koine, a common language

Greek

Greek   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,068 words

This language belongs to the western branch of the Indo‐European language group, along with the Germanic, Italic, and Celtic families.

Hellenism

Hellenism  

Of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 bc. During this period Greek culture ...
Indo-European

Indo-European  

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years. Their unattested, ...
New Testament

New Testament  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Canonical Books belonging exclusively to the Church, as contrasted with those styled Old Testament, which it shares with Judaism. The NT contains the four Gospels, Acts, the Pauline and ...
Polyglot Bibles

Polyglot Bibles  

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Religion
Edited in 1653–7 by Brian Walton (?1600–61), bishop of Chester, with the help of many scholars. It contains various oriental texts of the Bible with Latin translations, and a critical apparatus.
Septuagint

Septuagint  

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Religion
A Greek version of the Hebrew Bible (or Old Testament), including the Apocrypha, made for Greek-speaking Jews in Egypt in the 3rd and 2nd centuries bc and adopted by the early Christian Churches.The ...
Son of Man

Son of Man  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the NT, a designation of Jesus, with one exception (Acts 7: 56), used only by Himself. In the Aramaic of NT times, it seems that the phrase could be used almost as a paraphrase for ‘I’, and in ...

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