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Alfonso V of Aragon

Alfonso V of Aragon  

(1396–1458)Eldest son of Fernando de Antequera (Fernando I, 1414–16) and Leonor of Albuquerque, Alfonso was a Castilian prince of the Trastámara family who acceded to the Crown of Aragon ...
anthropology

anthropology  

In philosophical usage, a general theory of human nature, sometimes thought to be the necessary foundation of history and all social sciences. The philosophy of anthropology considers such issues as ...
Balkans

Balkans  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The countries occupying the Balkan peninsula of south-eastern Europe, lying south of the Danube and Sava rivers, between the Adriatic and Ionian seas in the west, the Aegean and Black seas in the ...
Carlo Sigonio

Carlo Sigonio  

(1520–84),Italian humanist and historian. He was born in Modena and became a student of Greek, in which he later held professorships in Modena, Venice, Padua, and Bologna. Sigonius published ...
Georg Spalatin

Georg Spalatin  

(1484–1545),German humanist and reformer, born on 14 January 1484 at Spalt (near Nuremberg), the son of a tanner; his name was Georg Burkhardt, but he later derived his adoptive ...
Greek

Greek   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
3,712 words
Illustration(s):
1

[This entry includes two subentries, on the Greek language and on the pronunciation of ancient Greek.]

Greek

Greek   Reference library

A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, History
Length:
123 words

Outside Greece, Greek was much less known in Europe in medieval times than was Latin, and was largely limited to

Greek

Greek   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008

The Greek of the texts from the Judean Desert, both literary and nonliterary, is the koine, a common language

Greek

Greek   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
5,599 words
Illustration(s):
1

A highly inflected language, Greek encodes the syntactical structure of the sentence by accentuation of words rather than by word

Greek language

Greek language   Reference library

Anna Morpurgo Davies

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
4,363 words
In the Classical period Greek was spoken in mainland Greece (including the Peloponnese), in the islands of the Aegean (including Crete, Rhodes, and Cyprus), and in the Greek colonies in ... More
Greek language

Greek language   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
599 words
The late Byzantine Greek of the Renaissance is the classic example of what linguists call a diglossic language, which is one in which a formal, consciously archaic language is used ... More
Greek Outside the Empire

Greek Outside the Empire   Reference library

Robert Browning and Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
399 words

long remained in use as a vernacular or as a learned language. In Syria and Palestine some monasteries, esp. the Lavra of St. ...

Hellenism

Hellenism  

Of or relating to Greek history, language, and culture from the death of Alexander the Great to the defeat of Cleopatra and Mark Antony by Octavian in 31 bc. During this period Greek culture ...
Holy Sepulchre

Holy Sepulchre  

Dedicated in 1149, the crusader church of the Holy Sepulchre in the northwest of Jerusalem encompasses the Constantinian basilica of 336, the shrine of Golgotha, and the domed rotunda of ...
Indo-European

Indo-European  

Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India.The Indo-European languages have a history of over 3,000 years. Their unattested, ...
Johannes Oecolampadius

Johannes Oecolampadius  

(1482–1531),German Protestant reformer, born in Weinsberg (now in Württemberg but then in the Palatinate); his baptismal name was Johann Hussgen, but he later changed his name to Hausschein ...
Johannes Reuchlin

Johannes Reuchlin  

(1455–1522) Humanist scholar; his name was Graecized as ‘Capnion’.He studied artes liberales and Greek (with Andonikos Kontoblakas) and met Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and Aldus Manutius in Italy. ...
Justus Jonas

Justus Jonas  

(also Jodocus or Jobst Koch; 1493–1555), German humanist and co-worker and friend of Martin Luther.Born Jodocus Koch in Nordhausen, an imperial city northwest of Erfurt, Jonas adopted the Christian ...
koinē

koinē  

The form of Greek (koine = common) which was the international language after the death of Alexander the Great (323 bce) both in cities of Greece and throughout the Hellenistic world. It is a ...
sacrament

sacrament  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
A religious ceremony or act of the Christian Church which is regarded as an outward and visible sign of inward and spiritual divine grace, in particular (in the Roman Catholic and many Orthodox ...

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